Ultimate Guide to Biceps Anatomy: Parts, Names, Functions & Diagram

The biceps brachii, a true powerhouse of the upper arm, is a muscle that demands attention. Furthermore, known to the ancient Romans as “musculus biceps brachii,” which loosely translates to “the two-headed warrior of the arm,” this formidable muscle commands respect. Moreover, biceps anatomy starts with two heads arising from the scapula and blending to form a robust tendon that attaches to the radius bone, giving it the power to move the forearm and flex the elbow with enviable ease. Whether you’re lifting weights or simply carrying groceries, the biceps brachii is the muscle that never backs down from a challenge. Additionally, with its sculpted shape and impressive strength, it’s no wonder why the biceps is considered a symbol of power and athleticism.

This article provides a comprehensive guide to the anatomy of the biceps muscle, complete with detailed descriptions and an informative diagram. Whether you’re a fitness enthusiast or a student of human physiology, this resource will help you understand the different parts of the biceps and their functions.

Parts of Biceps Diagram

Biceps Anatomy, Parts, Names & Diagram

Biceps Parts

  • Short head
  • Long head
  • Brachialis
  • Muscle belly
  • Innervation

Biceps Anatomy: Parts & Functions

Short Head

Hidden away from the prying eyes of casual observers, nestled deep within the cavernous confines of the upper arm, lies the elusive and enigmatic short head of the biceps muscle.

This muscle is not content with simply originating from the coracoid process of the scapula, a mere projection of bone guarding the shoulder blade. Instead, it boldly ventures downwards to attach to the radial tuberosity of the radius bone in the forearm, demonstrating its unwavering determination and unyielding strength.

The short head of the biceps is the embodiment of a clandestine agent, silently and skillfully executing its mission to support the upper arm and wield its commanding power only when necessary.

Long Head

The long head of the biceps muscle is a formidable structure, possessing a majestic presence on the outer surface of the upper arm.

Originating from the supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula, it embarks on a journey through the treacherous terrain of the bicipital groove of the humerus bone before finally conquering the radial tuberosity of the radius bone.

This journey is not for the faint of heart, as it requires a perfect balance of strength, agility, and endurance. The long head of the biceps muscle is a symbol of power and resilience, a true warrior of the human body.

Its an intricate design and strategic location make it a fascinating subject of study for anatomists and fitness enthusiasts alike.


The brachialis muscle is an absolute powerhouse nestled deep within the upper arm, lurking just below the biceps brachii. With its origin firmly planted on the lower half of the humerus bone, it exerts its dominance down to its coronoid process insertion on the ulna bone in the forearm.

This mighty muscle plays a pivotal role in elbow flexion, serving as the ultimate enforcer of stability and strength in the joint. Its unique location and function make it a true champion of the upper limb musculature, deserving of its place in the pantheon of muscular greatness.

Muscle Belly

The muscle belly of the biceps, also known as the “meaty mound of might”, is the awe-inspiring bulge that manifests when the biceps muscle is flexed with maximum effort.

It is an anatomical masterpiece that comprises both the short and long heads of the biceps, intricately woven together like a network of ropes. The muscle belly is composed of thousands of individual muscle fibers, each capable of generating tremendous force when activated by the nervous system.

The epimysium, a layer of connective tissue that envelops and protects the muscle fibers, enables this impressive display of muscularity.

Many people consider the muscle belly of the biceps as a symbol of strength and physical prowess, demonstrating the incredible capabilities of the human body.


Without this nerve’s unwavering support, the biceps muscle would be like a guitar with no strings- incapable of producing sound, or in this case, movement. The musculocutaneous nerve’s duty to supply the biceps muscle with the necessary motor function is a crucial component of the arm’s anatomy.

Therefore, any disruption to this nerve’s function would significantly impair the biceps muscle’s ability to perform, ultimately affecting one’s ability to carry out even the most mundane of tasks.

Related Posts-

Leave a Reply