Guide for 75 Most Popular Types of Flowers with Names & Pictures

Overview of Types of Flowers

Flowers are the reproductive parts of different plants. They look pretty and are generally found at the top of the plant. They consist of four main parts: calyx, corolla, androecium (male), and gynoecium (female). These parts collaborate to produce seeds that contribute to the formation of fruits. One seed is transferred to another location with the help of insects or the wind, which is known as a pollination process. Their looks and smells attract helpers like bees, who assist in making more plants. Each type of flower has its colors, scents, shapes, and sizes. More than 4,00,000 different types of flowers are available all over the world. In this article, we’ll explore some of the most popular flower types with the help of pictures and insights into their significance.

Types of Flowers with Pictures

Different types of Flowers with names & pictures

Types of Flowers with Names

  • Rose
  • Tulip
  • Sunflower
  • Daisy
  • Lily
  • Orchid
  • Iris
  • Peony
  • Hydrangea
  • Zinnia
  • Marigold
  • Dahlia
  • Periwinkle
  • Azaleas
  • Begonia
  • Gardenia
  • Kale
  • Poppy
  • Ranunculus
  • Amaryllis
  • Anemone
  • Lavender
  • Sweet Pea
  • Pansy
  • Geranium
  • Snapdragon
  • Bleeding Heart
  • Aster
  • Camellia
  • Freesia
  • Forget-Me-Not
  • Hellebore
  • Hibiscus
  • Hyacinth
  • Jasmine
  • Lilac
  • Nasturtium
  • Passionflower
  • Petunia
  • Queen Anne’s Lace
  • Rhododendron
  • Statice
  • Stephanotis
  • Ylang-Ylang
  • Bluebell
  • Delphinium
  • Coneflower
  • Larkspur
  • Crocus
  • Phlox
  • Alstroemeria
  • Astilbe

Different Types of Flowers

Rose

Roses belong to the Rosaceae family. It is a diverse flowering plant with 300+ species and many cultivars. It is known for its varied colors and shapes.

Roses can be single, multi-color, or striped. They have different bloom types like globular or rosette. Roses often bear a pleasant fragrance and grow on thorny bushes.

Wild roses have five petals, while cultivated ones can have double flowers. It is widely popular as the “queen of the garden.” It holds symbolic meanings in literature, Greek mythology, and religion.

Tulip

Tulip flowers are part of the lily family. It brings vibrant colors to gardens in early spring. Originating from Southern Europe to Central Asia, tulips have thrived since the 17th century.

It is adaptable to various climates, and they have around 4,000 varieties. It attracts bees and hummingbirds but not many butterflies. The name “tulip” likely comes from a Persian term linked to a turban.

Beyond their beauty, tulips symbolize happiness, love, and good luck, making them popular for gestures of affection.

Sunflower

The sunflower is a lovely plant that has a tall steam reaching up to 15 feet in height. It belongs to the Asteraceae family. It has a large head, usually 7.5 to 30 cm wide.

Its bright yellow petals resembling the sun give a beautiful look and appearance to the sunflower. Its central part, called the pistil, is dark brown and sits on a sturdy green stem.

These flower types originated from North and South America, and now it has grown worldwide, including Europe and Asia. It follows the sun’s path and turns their blooms from east to west.

Daisy

Daisies are easy to recognize due to their flat petals surrounding a center. They’re part of the aster family, like sunflowers, marigolds, dahlias, chrysanthemums, and zinnias, growing almost everywhere except Antarctica.

Common daisies, classified as herbaceous plants, have creeping rhizomes and small evergreen leaves. Their flower heads are 2-3 cm in diameter with white petals, sometimes tipped with red and yellow disc florets.

Bruisewort, and woundwort, daisies are used for medicinal tea. Wild daisy tea addresses issues like coughs, bronchitis, liver and kidney disorders, and inflammation-induced swelling.

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Lily

The botanical name of the Lily is Lilium. These types of flower plants are tall and ranging their height from 1 to 6 feet (30 to 180 cm). They have strong stems and produce large, sweet-smelling flowers.

Each type of lily has its features and blooming times. All over the world, we can see over 100 species and many hybrids of the lily. Lilies also represent purity, innocence, and rebirth.

In China, lily bulbs are used in cooking to add flavor to soups, stir-fries, and cold dishes. Lilies are also used in the perfume industry due to their unique fragrance.

Orchid

Orchids flower is a part of the Orchidaceae family. These are a diverse group of flowering plants, having around 28,000 species across 763 genera. We can find these types of flowers in various habitats worldwide, except glaciers.

Orchid flowers are known for their gorgeous look. It comes in all colors (except black) and is often available in dual-colored patterns.

The blooms typically have three petals, with a central one enlarged into a lip, giving them a unique look. It symbolizes luxury, love, and beauty.

Iris

The iris flower has about 300 different types, and they are known for their vibrant colors. The upward petals are scientifically called standards. Iris flowers bloom in spring and summer.

It originates from regions like the Mediterranean and Central Asia and adds beauty to these areas.

Apart from their beauty, iris species offer health benefits. As per the various studies, these types of flowers have antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective, neuroprotective, and antimicrobial qualities.

Peony

Peonies are beautiful flowering plants mainly grown in Asia, Europe, and Western North America. They grow well in temperate areas, ranging from 0.25 to 1 meter in height, but some can turn into woody shrubs reaching 0.25 to 3.5 meters.

These blooms come in various colors, like purple, pink, red, white, and yellow, but they only last for 7–10 days. It has a very beautiful fragrance.

In the 1930s and 1940s, peony choices were limited to white, crimson, and rose pink varieties in plant catalogs. Today, there are thousands of peony varieties.

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Hydrangea

Hydrangeas name is given to this flower due to its water jug-shaped seed pods. It is a beautiful flower mainly grown in Asia and the Americas. It has upright or climbing woody shrubs and can grow up to three meters tall.

Hydrangeas flowers come in a wide range of colors, from pink to blue. It is blooming in summer and autumn. Some varieties are known for their pleasant fragrance.

They prosper in moist, well-drained soil and partial shade, adapting well to different soil types. For good growth, it’s necessary to apply a rose fertilizer in early spring.

Zinnia

Zinnias are a vibrant, fast-growing type of flower native to the Americas. Although yearly in their home regions, they act as annuals elsewhere. These low-maintenance plants display dazzling colors and attract butterflies and hummingbirds.

It varies in height from 4″ to 40″. While most have upright stems, some spread and mound over the ground.

Zinnias flourish when grown directly from seeds in well-drained soil with consistent moisture. They sprout in just three to seven days, adding quick beauty to any garden.

Marigold

Marigolds flowers are native to South America and parts of North America. It belongs to the aster family and comes in various colors like red, orange, or yellow. It has a thick hollow stem and can grow 1–5 feet tall.

Marigolds bloom mainly in summer but can be grown throughout the year. In India, these types of flowers are also called “Genda” phool. It is a symbol of joy, prosperity, and tradition.

It helps in treating skin conditions, minor injuries, and inflammation. Also, it can aid in wound healing, particularly for issues like eczema and sunburn.

Dahlia

Dahlias flowers are part of the Asteraceae family (like sunflowers and daisies) and are native to Mexico and Central America.

These flower types offer a wide range of colors – from whites and yellows to vibrant oranges, pinks, reds, lavenders, and even mysterious blacks. Their blooms vary in shapes, sizes, and delightful combinations like variegated and bicolor.

As long-season bloomers, dahlias are popular in weddings, adding elegance and diversity to floral arrangements.

To awaken dahlia tubers early, pot them up and place them in a warm environment with a minimum temperature of 55°F.

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Periwinkle

Periwinkle, also known as common periwinkle or Catharanthus. It originated from Europe, Africa, and Asia. This evergreen plant has dark green leaves and blooms year-round with purple, blue, or white flowers.

Periwinkle has medicinal uses, so it’s important to avoid ingesting it. Consuming periwinkle can lead to adverse effects like nausea, vomiting, and gastrointestinal discomfort.

Azaleas

Azaleas are part of the Rhododendron family. These flowers are mainly known for their colorful blossoms in shades like red, pink, purple, and white.

They’re originally from Japan and China and have been around for a long time, about 70 million years. They thrive in cool climates, especially in elevated, hilly areas.

However, it’s important to note that these types of flowers are toxic. Eating their leaves, nectar, or flowers can cause issues like low blood pressure, slow heart rate, and irregular heart rhythm. So, it’s best to enjoy their beauty from a distance.

Begonia

Begonias flower has over 2,000 species and thrives in tropical and subtropical regions. They’re popular indoors and outdoors due to their vibrant flowers and colorful leaves. Some are houseplants in cooler climates, while others adorn gardens in summer.

They flourish in full to partial shade but may not bloom in dense shade. Begonias blossom from early summer to frost, boasting clusters of lightly fragrant, pink flowers. These types of flowers have a short lifespan of 2 to 3 years, even with good care.

Gardenia

The gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) is a fragrant flowering plant in the coffee family, known as cape jasmine or Gandharaj.

These flower types are found in Vietnam, Southern China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar, India, and Bangladesh. It grows 1–10 feet tall and has waxy, creamy-white flowers.

These plants are not only beautiful but also edible. Their blossoms have a slightly bitter, lemony flavor, ranging from no taste to a true floral lilac flavor, depending on the cultivar.

Gardenias can be used as a tasty garnish for salads and desserts. Note that while gardenias and jasmines may look alike, they have distinct care requirements.

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Kale

Kale (Brassica oleracea) graces gardens with its unique features. In spring, it flaunts delicate pale yellow flowers, transforming into a compact, bush-like structure.

As it matures, it undergoes bolting in late spring or early summer, producing kale buds—unopened flower heads resembling sprouting broccoli. These kale florets, with ruffled leaves, can be used in floral arrangements.

Planting kale is easy; space them 12 to 15 inches apart, reaching a height of 12 to 18 inches. It thrives in full sun or partial shade, preferring slightly acidic to neutral pH soil.

Poppy

Poppy is a colorful flowering plant in the Papaveraceae family. Most people grow these plants due to their vibrant flowers. The bright red ones are the first choice of most people.

One specific type is the Papaver somniferum, known as the opium poppy or breadseed poppy. This plant serves dual purposes. It is a source of opium and poppy seeds.

Ranunculus

Ranunculus is also known as buttercups. It is a group of plants with 1,700–1,800 species in the Ranunculaceae family.

These types of flowers are easy to recognize. It has layered petals, commonly yellow, but available in various colors like orange, pink, red, and white. They bloom in April, resembling thimbles.

Ranunculus plants can be perennial or annual herbs, blooming in spring and sometimes extending into summer for 4 to 6 weeks.

These plants have been used for various medicinal purposes, including treating parasites, reducing swelling, detoxification, and addressing issues like malaria, scrofula, arthritis, asthma, jaundice, and ulcer diseases.

Amaryllis

Amaryllis is a bulbous plant which having large, bell-shaped flowers, ranging from 4–10 inches. Common colors include red and white, but they can also be pink, salmon, apricot, rose, or deep burgundy. Some have bicolor or picotee petals.

Native to South America, Amaryllis is a tender perennial in the Hippeastrum genus. Its name, Hippeastrum, means “knight’s star” due to its flower shape.

Bulbs can last up to 75 years, growing larger with time and producing more stems.

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Anemone

Anemones or windflower plants come under the buttercup family. They bloom every year and are found in temperate and subtropical regions worldwide, except Australia, New Zealand, and Antarctica.

Anemones, like the Poppy Anemone, have vibrant and sweet-smelling flowers. It is popular in gardens and as cut flowers.

Varieties like Poppy and Japanese anemones are the first choice due to their long stems and a life of two to three weeks.

Lavender

The lavender flower comes under the mint family. It is commonly found in the Mediterranean, the Middle East, and India. In India, lavender has been known as a holy herb for over 2,500 years.

Its lifespan is ranging from 15 to 20 years and sometimes more. Lavender plants have grayish-green leaves and produce spikes of purple, lavender, pink, or white flowers in late spring to midsummer.

It is mainly known for its pleasant floral aroma. It is also a natural insect repellent, offering a more appealing alternative to chemical sprays.

Lavender oil, derived from the plant, is utilized in medicine for its potential calming effects, muscle relaxation, and antibacterial/antifungal properties.

Sweet Pea

Sweet peas are native to Sicily, southern Italy, and the Aegean Islands. It grows 1–2 meters tall, and they have pinnate leaves, fragrant flowers in various hues, and a climbing tendril.

It flourishes in well-draining, humus-rich soil with a neutral to alkaline pH. Ideal for gardens or commercial use, they blossom in part shade and continue producing long stems under shorter days.

Pansy

Pansies, also called Heartsease or Johnny Jump Up. It comes under the Viola genus category. They have large, heart-shaped petals in various colors and patterns.

It is easy to grow, preferably in cooler temperatures, but it also can handle milt temperatures. Beyond their beauty, pansies symbolize love and affection.

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Geranium

Geraniums or cranesbills are beautiful flowers available in white, pink, purple, or blue colors. They blossom in temperate and tropical mountainous regions.

It has 5 petals, and the leaves come in different shapes, from round to lobed to deeply cut. These plants are adaptable to various soils but prefer well-draining conditions.

The main good thing about these types of flower plants is their fragrant leaves. It emits scents of mint, fruit, flowers, spice, or chocolate when rubbed.

Snapdragon

Snapdragons (Antirrhinum majus) are snout-shaped flowers that look like a dragon’s mouth. They bloom for months, but mainly in cool temperatures.

They mainly originated in Europe, the United States, and North Africa. It is also known as dragon flowers or toadflax. They are non-toxic to cats, but excessive chewing may lead to vomiting.

Snapdragons are popular in bouquets for special occasions due to their bright colors and extended vase life.

Bleeding Heart

The bleeding heart flower is also known as Lamprocapnos spectabilis. It is a perennial plant with heart-shaped blooms on long stems.

These flower types have a unique drop-like white petal. These flowers belong to the poppy family. Its native is mainly Siberia, Korea, northern China, and Japan.

In gardens, it forms loose clumps, reaching 2 to 3 feet in height and width. Ideal for USDA Zones 3–9, it blossoms in beds, borders, or containers.

Some varieties bloom for 4-6 weeks in late spring – early summer, while others flower from spring to fall.

Aster

Asters are perennial plants that bloom in late summer and autumn. These come under the category of daisies and sunflowers.

They have star-shaped flower heads in various colors like white, blue, and purple, arranged in a starburst around a yellow center. Aster flowers are small but create a vibrant display when in full bloom.

They can grow 8 inches to 8 feet tall. It generally prefers cool, moist summers and nights to thrive in full to partial sun.

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Camellia

Camellias are lovely plants from the tea family. It’s from Southeast and East Asia. It has glossy leaves and lovely blooms in the winter and early spring. These charming blossoms come in single or double forms.

During this blossoms, camellias are displayed in various colors from white to vibrant pink, red, and variegated hues. Camellias grow very well in draining, acidic soil and prefer partial to full shade. Regular watering is necessary to keep the soil consistently moist.

Freesia

Freesia flowers are part of the iris family and come from southern Africa. These types of flowers are very popular due to their unique funnel shape, vibrant colors (yellow, mauve, purple, orange, white), and pleasant fragrance.

Freesias thrive indoors or in gardens. For good flowering, give them at least 6 hours of sunlight daily. Also watering when soil is dry, and avoiding over-watering.

Forget-Me-Not

The forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica) flowers belong to the Boraginaceae family and are native to temperate Eurasia, North America, and Old World tropic mountains.

It is a small spring flower, reaching 5-12 inches in height. Its tiny blue blooms, about 3/8 inches in diameter, have five lobes and yellow or white centers.

It is so popular in gardens due to its blue flowers. Petals often shift from pink to blue as the plant matures. In traditional herbal medicine, these types of flowers are very important in treating eye diseases.

Hellebore

Hellebores are a group of about 20 perennial plants with pretty flowers. They belong to the Ranunculaceae family. These flower types come in green, white, pink, or ruby colors and face downwards.

They bloom for a long time, even into spring. It is mainly known for its elegance. Hellebores thrive in shaded areas and have a unique charm.

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Hibiscus

Hibiscus is a part of the Mallow family. It has hundreds of species thriving in tropical and temperate zones. These flowers are mainly known for their vibrant color, trumpet-shaped flowers with showy filaments.

These plants vary in size, from herbs to trees, with toothed leaves. Apart from their looks, hibiscus is valuable in cuisine and traditional medicine globally.

Hibiscus teas, powders, and extracts offer health benefits, like lowering blood pressure, reducing body fat, and protecting the liver. There’s also potential in fighting cancer cells.

Hyacinth

Hyacinths flowers belong to a bulbous herb family. It is originally found in the Eastern Mediterranean and Afrotropical regions.

These beautiful flowers bloom in the spring and have a vibrant palette of blue, purple, white, pink, and red. Clusters of bell-shaped blooms on tall spikes emanating a deep fragrance.

In the winter seasons, you can easily grow them inside your home. Thriving in full sun to partial shade, they thrive with a daily dose of six to eight hours of sunlight.

Jasmine

Jasmines are a part of the olive family and include about 200 species thriving in warm regions of Eurasia, Africa, and Oceania. These types of flowers are mainly known for their fragrance.

Jasmine flowers are small, star-like, often white or pale pink. Winter jasmine has vibrant yellow blooms. Common jasmine, also called poet’s jasmine. These are native to Iran and produce fragrant white flowers, which are used in perfumery.

The other name of the jasmine is the Raatraani. It is due to it blooms at night and having so beautiful smell.

For best growth, jasmines need sufficient soil moisture. In summer, weekly flood irrigation is advised, with no extra watering after flowering until pruning and maturing.

Lilac

Lilac flowers are sweet-smelling flowers from the Syringa vulgaris shrub. These are native to southeastern Europe.

They have a pleasant scent and come in white, light, and dark purple. These flowers bloom in late spring to early summer. They mainly attract pollinators.

Lilacs are popular due to their hundreds of varieties in nurseries, featuring single and double flowers in different colors.

For best bloom, plant lilacs in full sun and well-drained soil. Regular fertilization in early spring and after blooming keeps them vibrant and healthy.

Nasturtium

Nasturtiums are a part of the Tropaeolum family. It has over 80 types mainly found in South and Central America. It is known for its vivid colors; they grow quickly with succulent stems and round leaves like mini lotus leaves. Some have variegated leaves.

They act as trap crops, diverting pests like aphids and protecting valuable veggies. The whole plant is edible—flowers, leaves, stems, and young seed pods. They’re a good source of vitamin C.

Passionflower

The passion flower (Passiflora incarnata) is a climbing vine with 550 species of vines, shrubs, and trees. These flowers are mainly found in Central and South America and the southeastern United States.

It is known for its white and purple flowers, and its calming effects make it a traditional remedy for sleep.
Some are grown for ornamental purposes, while others are cultivated for their edible fruits.

Petunia

Petunias are members of the Solanaceae family. It is also known as nightshades, and it is mostly found in South America. Petunia is a popular garden variety known for its brilliant, funnel-shaped blooms.

These tough plants thrive in cool weather, showcasing their strength in icy conditions. They prefer well-drained soil and love soaking up sunlight for optimal growth.

Petunias have brilliant hues, but a pure blue variety is difficult to find.

Queen Anne’s Lace

Queen Anne’s lace, also known as a wild carrot, is a member of the parsley family (Apiaceae). This flower is native to Europe and spread to the various regions of the world.

These types of flowers are mainly found in sunny to partially shaded areas like roadsides and old fields. These flowers are arranged in flat-topped clusters.

It has tiny white blooms with a unique central floret sporting a regal purple hue. As the seeds mature, the flower head curls inward, resembling a bird’s nest.

Rhododendron

Rhododendrons are a group of woody plants known for their colorful blooms. Its size ranges from little ground covers to large trees. They can be evergreen and are mainly found in North America, Europe, and Australia, as well as Asia and the Himalayas.

Rhododendrons are edible with a sour taste. They have historical applications in traditional medicine for headaches, and flower juice is a stomachache cure.

Statice

Statice, also called sea lavender or marsh rosemary, is a flowering plant native to Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa.

It is a tiny, papery, funnel-shaped flower available in various colors, such as white, yellow, pink, salmon, blue, and purple. With waxy leaves and winged stems, Statice is easy to grow and can tolerate salt.

The calyx, the green leaf around the flower bud, remains intact long after the bloom has dried. This feature makes Statice popular in both dried and fresh floral arrangements.

Stephanotis

Stephanotis floribunda, also known as Madagascar jasmine, is a tall plant with a vine that can grow over 20 feet. It’s a popular choice for indoor spaces, commonly found in wedding bouquets.

The plant has glossy, dark green leaves and small, waxy, white flowers with a pleasant jasmine-like fragrance. The flowers, about 2 inches in diameter, bloom from spring to fall. Notably, stephanotis is non-toxic.

Ylang-Ylang

The ylang-ylang flower is scientifically known as Cananga odorata. It blooms with a distinctive star shape, found in regions around the Indian Ocean. It has six slender with greenish-yellow petals.

This type of flower is famous for its delightful fragrance. The scent is not only pleasant but also has mood-enhancing properties. Ylang-ylang contributes to skincare by helping balance oil production, making it beneficial for acne concerns.

Ylang-ylang oil, extracted from the flower, offers various benefits. It can improve hair texture and reduce breakage, especially for those with dry scalps.

Bluebell

The bluebell, scientifically named Hyacinthoides non-scripta, is a part of the perennial plant family. This flower originates from Eurasia and is found around the Mediterranean basin, which helps to bring diversity to its native regions.

It grows from a bulb that has long, thin leaves and bell-shaped flowers. These flower types come in violet-blue, white, or pastel-pink colors, and the plant can reach up to 50 cm in height.

Delphinium

Delphiniums are part of the buttercup family. These are the unique flowering plants found in the Northern Hemisphere and tropical Africa. They have tall spikes with vibrant blue, purple, white, pink, scarlet, or yellow blossoms.

Delphiniums adapt well to different climates and mainly flourish in sunny areas. Its fragrance and diverse colors make it a good choice for gardens and landscapes.

Coneflower

Coneflowers are native to North America. They belong to the Asteraceae family with asters, daisies, and sunflowers. It has three genera, which are Echinacea, Ratibida, and Rudbeckia.

It has spiny cone-shaped centers surrounded by thin petals in pink, purple, white, and newer shades like orange and coral.

Coneflowers aren’t aggressive but self-seed naturally. Delay cutting back until late winter for natural growth or deadhead after fading to prevent self-seeding. In the wild, they can live up to 40 years; in gardens, divide every 4 years.

Larkspur

Larkspur is part of the buttercup family and is a genus with around 365 flowering plant species. It is mainly found in the Northern Hemisphere and some African mountains.

These perennial herbs, 1–3 feet tall, have divided leaves and vibrant flowers in blue, purple, or white. Popular as cut flowers for arrangements, larkspurs require a cold period for seed planting. Despite their beauty, these types of flowers are toxic and should be handled with care.

Crocus

Crocus are a part of the iris family genus, which has around 100 unique species. These flowers originated in Europe and Asia but have spread to Canada and the United States.

These perennial beauties, arising from corms-like bulbous structures, resurface annually, adding charm to landscapes for at least five consecutive years.

A standout member is Crocus sativus, known as the autumn crocus or saffron crocus. Its dried stigmas yield the precious spice saffron, also called Kumkuma, Kashmira, Kesar, and Zafran in Sanskrit and Hindi.

Phlox

Phlox is a plant with 68 species in North America and one in Siberia. They can be annuals or perennials, with oval or linear leaves and fragrant, tubular flowers in colors like white, blue, purple, pink, and red.

Garden phlox is a three-foot tall, upright, and fragrant flower that blooms in mid-summer. These types of flowers are great choices for a cottage, cutting, and pollinator gardens, attracting bees and butterflies.

Deer-resistant due to its scent, it thrives in full sun or partial shade, with more flowers in full sun.

Alstroemeria

Alstroemeria, or Peruvian lilies, are flowering plants from South America. They bloom from early summer to fall and look like lilies, but they are not true lilies. Alstroemeria aurea has small, orchid-like orange or golden-yellow flowers.

They thrive in well-draining soil, preferring rich conditions. Be cautious in damp winters to avoid root rot. Alstroemeria seeds take up to a year to grow, and the main stems can reach 3 feet.

Symbolizing wealth and prosperity, Alstroemeria isn’t deadly if ingested, but it can cause discomfort.

Astilbe

Astilbe is a group of 18 flowering plants from Asia and North America. These types of flowers thrive in shaded areas and bloom beautifully in summer.

It is known for its tall stems and plume-like blossoms in white, pink, purple, and red. It helps in adding charm with a fragrant touch. These are easy to grow and suit various garden styles. Their cut flowers also enhance summer arrangements beautifully.

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