Ultimate Guide on 23 Parts of a Violin: Names, Functions & Diagram

Overview of Violin Parts

The violin, or fiddle, is a small string instrument in the violin family. It has a hollow wooden body and four (or sometimes five) strings tuned to G3, D4, A4, and E5. The main way to play is by drawing a bow across the strings, creating a rich sound. Other ways to play include plucking the strings (pizzicato) for a percussive effect and using the wooden side of the bow (col legno) for a unique sound. The violin is the smallest and highest-pitched instrument in its family. Beautiful sound is achieved by manufacturing violin parts with precision. After manufacturing, all parts of the violin are carefully inspected and joined to make a fabulous instrument known as the violin.

Parts of a Violin Diagram

Parts of a Violin, Names, Functions & Diagram

Violin Parts Names

  1. Body
  2. Sound holes
  3. Neck
  4. Fingerboard
  5. Strings
  6. Bridge
  7. Tailpiece
  8. Tuning pegs
  9. Chin rest
  10. Fret markers
  11. Tailgut
  12. Fine tuners
  13. Bow
  14. Frog
  15. Screw
  16. Tip
  17. Rosin
  18. Soundpost
  19. Bass bar
  20. Pegbox
  21. Scroll
  22. Purfling
  23. Endpin

Violin Bow Parts Names

  1. Stick
  2. Frog
  3. Adjuster or Screw
  4. Ferrule
  5. Mother-of-Pearl Slide
  6. Grip or winding
  7. Leather thumb grip
  8. Hair
  9. Tip
  10. Wedge or Screw Eye
  11. Pearl’s eye
  12. Lapping
  13. Slide
  14. Thumb Pad
  15. Camber or Curve

Parts of a Violin and Their Functions


Unquestionably, the body of a violin is the most apparent feature, and it is also where the magic happens. The body carefully selects spruce and maple wood for the top, bottom, and sides.

The bottom is flat or slightly arched to support the soundboard, while the top is arched. Purfling, a beautiful inlay, links the sides of the violin to the top and bottom, giving the violin strength and stability.

Sound holes

The sound holes, also known as f-holes, are an incredibly distinct and intricate part of the violin’s body. These S-shaped openings on the top of the violin help to project the sound by allowing the sound waves to escape from the body.

Meticulously calculating the placement and size of the sound holes creates a balanced and rich sound.


The neck of the violin is an elongated, slender, and slightly curved piece of wood that extends from the body toward the player’s left hand.

Artisans typically fit the fingerboard and pegbox with maple wood, a common material. The neck’s curve critically ensures that the violin produces the correct pitch when a string is pressed on the fingerboard.


The fingerboard, made from ebony or rosewood, is attached to the neck of the violin. It plays an essential role in playing the instrument. It is marked with small dots or frets. These help the player find the correct positions for their fingers.

The fingerboard’s curvature and smoothness make it easy for players to slide their fingers up and down, creating the perfect pitch.


The strings play a crucial role in producing the enchanting sound for which the violin is known.

Usually, people make them from the gut, synthetic materials, or steel and tune them to specific pitches. The tailpiece at the bottom of the instrument attaches the strings, and people wind them around the tuning pegs at the top.


The bridge is a delicate, curved piece of wood standing upright on the violin’s body, between the sound holes and the tailpiece.

It holds the strings above the fingerboard and transmits the vibrations from the strings to the instrument’s body, amplifying the sound. Engineers carefully calculate the bridge’s height, thickness, and placement to create the perfect tone and projection.


The tailpiece, an integral part of a violin, attaches to the end of the body and holds the strings in place. Crafted from ebony or rosewood, it can significantly impact the instrument’s overall tone and projection.

Tuning pegs

The top of the violin’s neck houses the tuning pegs, typically crafted from ebony or rosewood. Players utilize these pegs to adjust the strings’ tension, determining each note’s pitch. Players must apply the appropriate pressure when turning the pegs to achieve the perfect pitch.

The Chin Rest

The chin rest may seem like a simple and unremarkable part of the violin, but did you know it has evolved significantly over time? Early chin rests were made of leather or cloth and were tied to the violin with string.

Later versions were made of wood and were attached with screws or clamps. Today, chin rests come in various shapes and sizes, with some even made from high-tech materials like carbon fiber.

For example, designers create adjustable chin rests, while manufacturers add extra padding to provide comfort during long practice sessions.

Fret Markers

Unlike many other stringed instruments, the violin does not have frets to guide the player’s fingers. However, some violins have small dots or lines on the fingerboard to help the player locate specific notes.

These fret markers can consist of materials such as mother of pearl, plastic, or glow-in-the-dark materials used in low-light situations.


A thin cord or wire attaches the tailpiece to the bottom of the violin’s body. It holds the strings in place, providing the necessary tension for sound production.

However, manufacturers use different materials to create tailguts. Tailguts can be made of nylon or other synthetic materials or incorporate gut or silver wire to enhance tonal complexity.

Fine Tuners

Fine tuners are small screws that attach to the violin’s tailpiece. They allow the player to make small adjustments to the tension of the strings.

Most violins have standard tuners for initial string tuning. Fine tuners, however, are especially useful for making minute adjustments. These adjustments can affect the sound and playability of the instrument.

Some violinists even use fine electronic tuners that attach to the tailpiece and give highly accurate tuning feedback.


The bow is one of the violin’s most unique and iconic parts. It is a long, slender wooden stick with a horsehair stretched across it that produces sound by running the hair across the strings.

Artisans also use carbon fiber and other high-tech materials to enhance bows’ durability, tonal characteristics, and pernambuco wood.


The frog is the curved and ornamental part of the bow closest to the player’s hand. It contains a mechanism that tightens and loosens the horsehair, allowing the player to control the bow’s tension and produce different dynamics and articulations.

Some frogs display intricate designs and feature precious materials such as mother of pearl, ivory, or even gold.


The screw is a small but essential part of the bow that allows the player to adjust the tension of the horsehair.

Turning the screw clockwise tightens the hair and increases the tension, while turning it counterclockwise loosens the hair and reduces the tension. Some high-end bows even have precision-engineered screws that can make minute adjustments to the hair tension with incredible accuracy.


The tip is the narrow and pointed end of the bow opposite the frog. At the same time, a critical tip plays a crucial role in producing sharp and precise articulations.

Some tips use ivory or other dense materials to create a more focused and powerful sound. In contrast, manufacturers craft others from synthetic materials for added durability and longevity.


A small block of hardened tree sap is applied to the bow hair to create friction and sound on the strings.


The soundpost is a wooden dowel that resides within the heart of the violin, between the top and the back. Its purpose is to channel the soulful vibrations of the instrument. It enhances its sound quality and transports listeners to a higher plane of consciousness.

Bass bar

The bass bar is a tiny yet mighty wooden strip that lies hidden beneath the surface of the violin’s top.

The backbone of the instrument is essential. It provides support to balance the bridge. It brings forth powerful bass notes. They give the violin its depth and resonance.


The pegbox is the gateway to the violin’s soul. It houses the four mystical tuning pegs that connect the musician to the instrument’s spiritual essence.

The intricate designs and patterns carved into the pegbox symbolize the complicated pathways of the musician’s journey into the heart of the music.


The scroll is the crown jewel of the violin. It is a mesmerizing spiral-shaped sculpture. It embodies the essence of the instrument’s beauty and grace.

Its intricate carvings and ornate details hold the secrets of the violin’s magic. They reveal themselves only to those with the courage to seek them out.


Purfling is the violin’s suit of armor. It consists of inlaid wood strips that protect the instrument from harm and strengthen its soulful resonance. The patterns and designs etched into the purfling tell a story. Each line and curve represent the struggles and triumphs of its musical evolution.


The endpin is the anchor of the violin. It is a small yet powerful rod. It connects the instrument to the ground and stabilizes its spiritual energy.

Its adjustable design allows the musician to find the perfect balance between playing the violin’s physical and spiritual aspects. It opens up new worlds of musical possibilities.

Parts of a Violin Bow and Their Functions


The stick is the backbone of the bow, and its shape and size significantly impact the quality of sound produced.

Artisans use Pernambuco wood to craft the finest sticks because it is dense and flexible, providing the ideal weight and balance for playing the violin. The stick’s length also affects the bow’s strength and flexibility, allowing players to produce different sounds and nuances.


The frog is the heart of the bow, and it holds the hair in place. The best frogs are ebony and feature a silver or gold slide gliding smoothly along the stick.

The frog’s curvature provides a comfortable grip for the player, and the small dot in the center is where the player applies pressure to change the bow’s tension.

Adjuster or Screw

The adjuster, also known as the screw, adjusts the bow’s tension, allowing the player to customize the sound produced.

The screw’s material and design affect the bow’s overall weight and balance, affecting how it feels in the player’s hand.


The ferrule is a small metal cap that sits at the base of the frog. It protects the frog from damage caused by the player’s hand.

The size and weight of the ferrule can impact the bow’s balance. Therefore, selecting the appropriate ferrule is crucial for achieving the desired sound.

Mother-of-Pearl Slide

The mother-of-pearl slide is a decorative element that enhances the bow’s beauty while serving a practical purpose. The slide’s smooth surface provides a comfortable grip for the player’s thumb, allowing them to move the bow fluidly.

Grip or Winding

The grip, also known as the winding, is a decorative wrap that adds texture and comfort to the stick. It also protects the wood from wear and tear from the player’s hand.

The winding’s material and pattern can affect the perfect bow’s balance and weight, so choosing the right grip is crucial for achieving the perfect sound.

Leather Thumb Grip

The leather thumb grip is a small piece of leather. It sits on the grip and provides a comfortable surface for the player’s thumb.

The thumb grip customization allows players to tailor it to their liking. At the same time, high-quality leather is a common material choice for its construction. It adds an extra layer of personalization to the bow.


The hair of the bow is more than just a bunch of horsehairs. To achieve the desired tone and projection, the hair experts carefully select, sort, and stretch the hairs to a specific length.

The musician applies rosin to the hair, which is made from the sap of a tree. Rosin provides the necessary grip for the hair to produce sound when the musician draws it across the strings.


The tip of the bow, where the hair is secured, critically balances and distributes the bow’s weight.

Typically, bow makers craft the tip using durable materials such as ebony, ivory, or bone. They often embellish it with intricate designs that showcase their artistry.

Wedge or Screw Eye

The wedge or screw eye is a small bow holding the hair at the frog end.

The wedge commonly consists of ebony, a dense hardwood capable of withstanding the pressure the hair applies when tightened. In contrast, the screw eye is a metal screw that allows for adjustment to tighten or loosen the tension of the hair.

Pearl Eye

The pearl eye is a beautiful detail on the frog. It is made from a small piece of precious material like mother-of-pearl or abalone. The pearl eye adds an elegant touch to the bow. It is often paired with intricate metalwork, creating a stunning visual effect.


The lapping is a protective wrapping that covers the bow stick. It prevents it from being damaged by sweat, oils, or other substances.

The lapping often consists of luxurious materials like silk or velvet. It tightly wraps around the stick, adding a decorative touch to the bow.


The slide is a metal or plastic sleeve that fits over the stick and allows the player to adjust the tension of the hair. The slide is a simple yet ingenious invention that has revolutionized the art of bow-making.

By sliding the sleeve up or down, the player can increase or decrease the hair’s tension, altering the bow’s weight and balance.

Thumb Pad

The thumb pad is a small but crucial element of the frog that provides a comfortable grip for the player’s thumb.

The thumb pad, typically crafted from soft materials like leather or rubber, absorbs moisture and prevents the thumb from slipping off the frog during play.

Camber or Curve

The camber or curve of the stick is the bow maker’s most imbalanced element in the bow’s responsiveness and playability.

Crafting the camber carefully balances flexibility and stiffness, enabling the bow to produce various sounds and dynamics.

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