5D printing

5d printing moon

After reading the word 5D printing, most of the guys think that what the hell is going on. How one dimension get adding to the new technology of printing? What is 5d printing? What are the applications of it? In this article, we will give you all the information about it.

Overview of 3D, 4D & 5D printing.

Before a few years ago, the world gets aware of 3d printing technology. It is an invention in the printing industry. In 3d printing, the object becomes stationary & the printing tool moves on three axes to create an object. With the help of the computerized CAD model, the object is created.

In most of the sectors, the use of 3d printing technology is tremendous. It makes products with minimum time, with good efficiency, with good quality & having many advantages. Due to that world get habitual of the 3d printing technology

In recent years, the innovation of 4d printing is a new milestone. The use of 4D printing is more in the healthcare industry due to the use of many related applications. But 4D printing is slightly different from 3D printing. 4D printed object can change their shape when it comes in contact with the external medium like flux, magnetic field & electricity, etc. 

Let’s see 5D printing in detail.

What does 5D printing mean?

The concept of 5D printing is first implemented by the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab (MERL). William Yerazunis (Senior Research Scientist) explained that, in 5D printing, the object is built with the help of five different axes that will help for creating a complicated object with good strength.

In this printing, the printing head can move in x, y & z-direction(axis) and, the printing bed is capable of move in 2 directions (axis). The printing head & printing bed can move simultaneously while printing so, concave & convex parts can become easy to make with high accuracy & concerning design constraints.

Official video of the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab for five-axis additive manufacturing (5D Printing & 5D Printer)

Which part having good strength, 3D printed or 5D printed object?

William Yerazunis & his colleague did one experiment to prove which part having better strength, 3D printed, or 5D printed object. For that experiment, they made the same cap with a CAD model & printed the same part in 3D or 5D printing.

For making both the parts, they have used the same plastic, same spool & same machine. On the 3D printed object, they have applied 0.1 MPa pressure & it broke within a second. But, as compared to the 3D printed object, 5D printed object sustained 3.7 MPa of pressure.

Due to objects created by horizontal layers in 3D printing, it forms some weak points. If these objects are forced in the opposite direction of the layers created in 3D printing, there are maximum chances to get it to break. 5D Printing objects are not printed in the horizontal layers.

During printing, the printing bed gets adjusted in proportion to the layer or printing head. It requires 25% less material. This experiment proves that the 5D printed object having higher strength than a 3D printed object.  

Applications of 5D printing

1- Dentistry

With the help of 5D printing, some of the surgery equipment like dentures, dental implants, and other devices are complicated in shapes are manufactured. Also, a tooth that has curved shapes & curved parts are made accurately with the required surface finish & reliability. The strength needed for the equipment is higher & it can be possible with this technology only. 

2- Orthopedic surgery

This technology is useful for manufacturing artificial bones with excellent strength because curved parts are manufactured with good accuracy & required surface finish. Other objects that are complicated in shapes are not able to be made with 3D printing can be manufactured with 5D printing.

3- Prosthetics

For making artificial body parts, use of 5D printing technology is used. When someone lost a leg, hand, fingers, jaws & other parts of the body in an accident then, prosthetics are used in their place. 

4- Surgical equipment’s

Manufacturing of Monopolar diathermy, DeBakey forceps, mosquito forceps & Deaver retractor, this technology used.

5- Construction & automobile components

The strength required for the construction & automobile component is higher as compared to the other component. 5d printing is useful in the manufacturing of houses with curved designs & complex parts.

Difference between 3D, 4D & 5D printing.

Description3D Printing4D printing5D printing
DefinitionProcess of manufacturing of 3d object by CAD model by adding material layer by layer.3D printed object may change their shape when external agents like light, heat applied to it.The object created by using 5 axis 3D Printer
Invented byChuck HullMIT Professor Skylar TibbetWilliam Yerazunis from Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab
Raw MaterialPLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, CarbonHydrogel, Shape Memory Polymer (SMP), Shape memory alloy (SMA)PLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, Carbon, Metal, On-metal
Printing HeadMovableMovableMovable
Printing BaseStationaryStationaryMovable
Degree of Freedom335
Printed ObjectStaticDynamicStatic

Advantages of 5D printing over 3D printing.

  1. It can create a curved layer object with great strength.
  2. 5D Printed parts are five times stronger as compared to 3D & 4D Printed objects.
  3. It can use to create a complex prototype in the medical field as well as in the automobile.
  4. Possible to make a Complex object with 25% less material.

Disadvantages of 5D printing over 3D printing.

  1. The extra cost required for the 2 more-axis required for the printing bed.
  2. Require highly skilled resources to develop ping & maintain 5D Printer.

Conclusion

5D printing fulfills the drawback of 3D & 4D printing. It’s having high strength & able to make curved & complex parts. Researchers are researching this technology to increase its capacity to withstand pressure up to 3.4 Mpa. So that it is useful in high-pressure applications in medical & manufacturing & reduces 20 to 30% of wastage. In the future, 5D printing technology widely used in all the subsectors of the medical due to its various advantages.   

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