After reading the word 5D printing, most of the guys think that what the hell is going on. How one dimension get adding to the new technology of printing? Today we need different and advanced technologies to make the final product more efficient with less manufacturing time. And 5D Printing is the best example. It having more advantages than 3D Printing. In this article, we will have all information about this printing technology.
Overview of 3D, 4D & 5D printing.
Before a few years ago, the world gets aware of 3d printing technology. It is an invention in the printing industry. In 3d printing, the object becomes stationary & the printing tool moves on three axes to create an object. With the help of the computerized CAD model, the object is created.
In most sectors, the use of 3d printing technology is tremendous. It makes products with minimum time, with good efficiency, with good quality & having many advantages. Due to that world get habitual of 3d printing technology.
But 4D printing is slightly different from 3D printing. 4D printed object can change their color, function, and shape when it comes in contact with the external medium like flux, magnetic field & electricity, etc.
Shape Memory Polymer, Shape Memory Alloys, Self-assembled materials, biomaterials & Hydrophilic polymers are 4D Printing materials. These materials only having the quality require for creating 4D printed objects.
But, the main fact is that roots of the 4D & 5D printing are 3D printing. Concept of a 3D printing helps most of the peoples to do innovation & develop advance printing technology.
In this article we will see in detail about new technology of printing.
What does 5D printing mean?
The concept of 5D printing is first implemented by the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab (MERL). William Yerazunis (Senior Principal Research Scientist) explained that, in 5D printing, the object is built with the help of five different axes that will help for creating a complicated object with good strength.
The name 5D Printing comes from the five axis using for creating objects. In this printing, the printing head can move in x, y & z-direction(axis) and, the printing bed is capable of move in 2 directions (axis). The print head & printing bed can move simultaneously while printing.
The product is made by the horizontal layer by layer.
So, concave & convex parts can become easy to make with high accuracy & concerning design constraints.
Official video of the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab for five-axis additive manufacturing (5D Printing & 5D Printer)
Which part having good strength, 3D printed or 5D printed object?
William Yerazunis & his colleague did one experiment to prove which part having better strength, 3D printed, or 5D printed object. For that experiment, they made the same cap with a CAD model & printed the same part in 3D or 5D printing.
For making both the parts, they have used the same plastic, same spool & same machine. On the 3D printed object, they have applied 0.1 MPa pressure & it broke within a second. But, as compared to the 3D printed object, 5D printed object sustained 3.7 MPa of pressure.
Due to objects created by horizontal layers in 3D printing, it forms some weak points. If these objects are forced in the opposite direction of the layers created in 3D printing, there are maximum chances to get it to break. 5D Printing objects are not printed in the horizontal layers.
During printing, the printing bed gets adjusted in proportion to the layer or print head. It requires 25% less material. This experiment proves that the 5D printed object having higher strength than a 3D printed object.
Applications of 5D printing
With the help of 5D printing, some of the surgery equipment like dentures, dental implants, and other devices are complicated in shapes are manufactured.
Also, a tooth that has curved shapes & curved parts are made accurately with the required surface finish & reliability. The strength needed for the equipment is higher & it can be possible with this technology only.
2- Orthopedic surgery
For manufacturing of human body parts require exact accuracy & good strength. Because these parts are needed to use inside your body. So, it is necessary to have proper shape & size.
This technology is useful for manufacturing artificial bones with excellent strength. Because curved parts are manufactured with good accuracy & required surface finish.
Other objects that are complicated in shapes are not able to be manufacture with 3D printing. It can be manufactured with 5D printing.
For making artificial body parts, the use of 5D printing technology is common. In today’s time, when someone lost a leg, hand, fingers, jaws & other parts of the body in an accident then, prosthetics are using in their place.
As we know, these kinds of parts require more strength. These artificial body parts are frequently using for their respective applications. So high strength is acquired by this 5d printer technology.
4- Surgical equipment’s
It is a very sensitive field of manufacturing surgical equipment. We do require high cutting accuracy, sharp edges for cutting, good strength to bear the force applied & proper shapes. This technology is fulfilling these kinds of requirements.
Good ergonomics & aesthetics of the equipment help surgeon grip it in a proper manner. It improves accuracy and reduces the chances of accidents.
Manufacturing of Monopolar diathermy, DeBakey forceps, mosquito forceps & Deaver retractor by using this technology.
5- Construction & automobile components
The strength required for the construction & automobile component is higher as compared to the other component. These types of products are always used for heavy applications & stress on it is more. So it is necessary to have good strength.
So, 5d printing is useful in the manufacturing of houses with curved designs & complex parts.
Difference between 3D, 4D & 5D printing.
|Description||3D Printing||4D printing||5D printing|
|Definition||Process of manufacturing of 3d object by CAD model by adding print material layer by layer.||3D printed object may change their shape when external agents like light, heat applied to it.||The object created by using 5 axis 3D Printer|
|Invented by||Chuck Hull||MIT Professor Skylar Tibbet||William Yerazunis from Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab|
|Raw Material||PLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, Carbon||Hydrogel, Shape Memory Polymer (SMP), Shape memory alloy (SMA)||PLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, Carbon, Metal, On-metal|
|Printing Head||Movable||It is Movable||Movable|
|Degree of Freedom||3||3||5|
Advantages over 3D printing.
- It can create a curved layer object with great strength.
- 5D Printed parts are five times stronger as compared to 3D & 4D Printed objects.
- Use for creating a complex prototype in the medical field as well as in the automobile.
- 5D printing object having a higher life span.
- Possible to make a Complex object with 25% less material.
Disadvantages over 3D printing.
- The extra cost required for the 2 more-axis required for the printing bed.
- Require highly skilled resources to develop ping & maintain 5D Printer.
5D printing fulfills the drawback of 3D & 4D printing. It’s having high strength & able to make curved & complex parts. Researchers are researching this technology to increase its capacity to withstand pressure up to 3.4 Mpa.
So that it is useful in high-pressure applications in the medical & manufacturing industries. It reduces 20 to 30% of wastage. In the future, this technology widely used in all the subsectors of the medical due to its various advantages.