Overview of 3D, 4D & 5D printing.
After reading the word 4D printing, most of the guys think that what the hell is going on? How one dimension is adding in the new technology of printing. But 5D printing is an advancement in 3D printing.
The technology of 3D printing is modified by giving five degrees of freedom in 3D printing. In 3D printing the object becomes stationary & the printing tool moves in three axes to create an item. But 4D printing is slightly different from 3D printing. 4D printed object can change their shape when it comes in contact with the external medium like flux, magnetic field & electricity, etc.
Let’s see in detail in an upcoming article.
What does 5D printing mean?
The concept of 5D printing is first implemented by the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab (MERL). William Yerazunis (Senior Research Scientist) explained that, in 5D printing, the object is built with the help of five different axes that will help for creating a complicated object with good strength. In this printing, the printing head can move in x, y & z-direction and, the printing bed is capable of move in 2 axes. The printing head & printing bed can move simultaneously while printing so, concave & convex parts can become easy to make with high accuracy & concerning design constraints.
Which part having good strength, 3D printed or 5D printed object?
William Yerazunis & his colleague did one experiment to prove which part having better strength, 3D printed, or 5D printed object. For that experiment, they made the same cap with a CAD model & printed the same part in 3D or 5D printing. For making both the parts, they have used the same plastic material, same spool & same machine. On the 3D printed part, they have applied 0.1 MPa pressure & it broke within a second. But, as compared to the 3D printed object, 5D printed object sustained 3.7 MPa of pressure. Also, it requires 25% less material. This experiment proves that the 5D printed object having higher strength than a 3D printed object.
Applications of 5D printing
With the help of the 5D printing, some of the surgery equipment like dentures, dental implants, and other devices are complicated in shapes are manufactured. Also, a tooth that has curved shapes & curved parts are made accurately with the required surface finish & reliability.
2- Orthopedic surgery
This technology is used for the manufacturing of the artificial bones with excellent strength because curved parts manufactured with good accuracy & required surface finish.
Artificial body parts can be made with 5D printing technology. When someone lost a leg, hand, fingers, jaws & other parts of the body in an accident then, prosthetics are used in their place.
4- Surgical equipment’s
Manufacturing of Monopolar diathermy, DeBakey forceps, mosquito forceps & Deaver retractor, this technology used.
5- Construction & automobile components
Some of the parts, like hoses, pistons & many others having curved design & complex in nature, are manufactured with this technology.
Difference between 3D, 4D & 5D printing.
|Description||3D Printing||4D printing||5D printing|
|Definition||Process of manufacturing of 3d object by CAD model by adding material layer by layer.||3D printed object may change their shape when external agents like light, heat applied to it.||The object created by using 5 axis 3D Printer|
|Invented by||Chuck Hull||MIT Professor Skylar Tibbet||William Yerazunis from Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab|
|Raw Material||PLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, Carbon||Hydrogel, Shape Memory Polymer (SMP), Shape memory alloy (SMA)||PLA, ABS, Polycarbonate, Nylon, Carbon, Metal, On-metal|
|Degree of Freedom||3||3||5|
Advantages of 5D printing over the 3D printing.
- It can create a curved layer object with great strength.
- 5D Printed parts are five times stronger as compared to 3D & 4D Printed objects.
- It can use to create a complex prototype in the medical field as well as in the automobile.
- Possible to make a Complex object with less material.
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