A shotgun is a long-barreled firearm designed to shoot a straight-walled cartridge known as a shotshell, which usually discharges numerous small pellet-like spherical sub-projectiles called shot or sometimes a single solid projectile called a slug. The various parts of a shotgun make it a complete assembly to use in battle. We can find diverse manufacturers in the market that create different shotgun parts and do assembly. In this article, we will study all those parts and their functions.
Shotgun Parts Diagram
Parts of a Shotgun Names
- Top Lever
- Safety Thumb Piece
- Trigger Guard
- Trigger Plate
- Cocking Limb
- The Loop
- Extractor Star
- Ejector Rod
Parts of a Shotgun
A barrel is a straight high-strength metallic cylinder. Its length and diameter (internal and external) depend on the shotgun type and manufacturer.
Barrel material should withstand the high pressure and temperature generated due to the gunpowder explosion.
The function of the extractor is to release the cover of the cartridge after the firing. It helps the shooter to load the new bullet into the firing chamber.
Before firing the bullet, the extractor pulls the cartridge rim out of the barrel to remove easy.
It holds the barrel & shuts it while the cartridge is shot.
It disengages the bolt from the barrel and allows the gun to open.
Safety Thumb Piece
It locks the trigger and prevents the gun from firing. Once we press the safety thump piece, it disengages the firing mechanism and allows the trigger to move without triggering a fire.
It is a protective edge that surrounds the trigger of a gun to prevent unwanted contact to avoid accidental discharge. Trigger guards are present in every firearm.
The trigger is the actuating mechanism that allows the hammer to strike the projectile. It is a small curved metallic part where we put a finger to operate.
The hammer is a part of a shotgun. The percussion cap/primer or a separate firing pin strikes the projectile to ignite the explosive and fire the bullet.
Shooters have to manually cock the hammer before firing. It is a metal piece that forcefully rotates about a pivot point.
From this plate, the trigger comes out. It has an oblong slot to move the trigger during firing a bullet and retrieve it after firing.
It is attached to the hammer. During shotgun loading with a bullet, the main spring store the energy due to tension and discharges with force through the hammer to strike a bullet.
When we open the gun, the fore-end forces the cocking limb to a place where the trigger, hammer, main spring, and sear are back in their original position.
The function of the fore-end is to remove the gun shell after firing a bullet and load the new ammunition. It moves back and forth side.
The backward action removes the shell of the cartridge, whereas the forward move loads the fresh round of the cartridge.
It is attached to the barrel. On the loop, the delay catch holds the fore-end.
It is a star shape mechanism that pushes cartridges out of the revolver cylinder.
The ejector rod helps the shooter to eject the cartridge casing after the fire. In a single-acting revolver, one cartridge expels at one time, whereas in a double-acting revolver, all cartridge ejects from a cylinder.
It is a backside part of the shotgun we hold against the shoulder while firing. It balances the gun and provides structural support during the action.
On the extreme side of the stock, we can find the recoil coil to dampen the reaction caused due to the bullet fire.
It is the end portion of the barrel from which the bullet comes out. It has an inside thread to attach the choke or silencer.
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A shotgun is a long-barreled firearm designed to shoot a straight-walled cartridge known as a shotshell, which usually discharges numerous small pellet-like spherical sub-projectiles called shot or sometimes a single solid projectile called a slug.
Safety Thumb Piece