Ultimate Guide on 7 Parts of Hammer: Names, Functions & Diagram

A hammer is a tool, most often a hand tool, consisting of a weighted “head” fixed to a long handle swung to deliver an impact to a small area of an object. In most industries and construction sites, we can see hammers for various applications like driving, shaping, breaking, and non-destructive striking. This article will help you understand the parts of a hammer and its functions.

Parts of a Hammer Diagram

Parts of a Hammer, Names, Functions & Diagram

Hammer Parts Names

  • Head
  • Face
  • Cheek
  • Eye
  • Claw
  • Neck
  • Handle

Parts of a Hammer & Functions


The head is the heavy metallic part on the top of the handle. Its function is to provide impact through the force applied by humans. Here, the weight of the head plays a vital role in hammering.

When we rotate the hammer, due to the head weight and action, we get the impact on the parent object. The head size, shape, weight, and material depend on the hammer type and application. 


It is a part of the head that comes in contact with the object during hammering. The application of the hammer is decided based on the size and shape of the face.

There are two types of faces.

Smooth or flat face

It is a flat face for general applications like nail and smooth hammering. 

Milled or waffle face

This face comes with crisscross waffle patterns. It generally increases the grip and prevents the nails from falling. It is suitable for rough jobs.


Two cheeks are present on every hammer on both sides of the head and parallel to each other. Only its shape varies depending on the type and application. We don’t use the cheek for any application, but it can serve as a makeshift face in a pinch.


The eye is the hole in the bottom side of the head for inserting the wooden handle. The eye is present in the hammer, which has wooden handles. In the metal hammers, we don’t find the eye.


In the wooden hammer, we can find the claw on the other side of the face. Its primary function is to remove the nails from the objects. It is available in straight and curved shapes.

Straight claws are suitable for heavy-duty applications like removing large nails from difficult substrates. In contrast, curved claws are ideal for light-duty applications like small nails.


The neck attaches the head to the handle. It is generally narrower than the face of the head. Its size differs according to the type of hammer.


The handle is a wood, fiber, or metal stick we grab during hammering. Generally, a wooden handle is most common in all types of hammers. However, for heavy applications, metal handles are suitable.

Nowadays, the fiberglass handle is mainly used in hammers due to its high strength and weight. It absorbs vibrations and provides a good grip. Some of the handles are straight, and some are angled.


The grip is a rubber coating on the handle. Its function is to avoid slipping the handle from the human hand while hammering. We can not see the grip in the wooden handle, but in the metal and fiber handle, we will get the grip.

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