In some of the countries, every year natural disasters happen & these countries are dealing with disasters. But the year 2020 is the most destroying & dangerous in the whole history due to the cycle of natural disasters happening all over the world. It is difficult to say that in the rest of the year which Natural disasters the world will face. To date, the following are the natural disasters that happened in every corner of the world. It will be very difficult for the world to deal with these disasters.
December 2019 to till date – COVID 19
It is an infectious disease caused by a virus of name severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. The first case was reported in November (17 November 2020) in Wuhan, China. Till 6 June 2020, more than 6.73 million peoples tested positive around 188 countries & territories. Due to this pandemic, more than 3,94,500 peoples died & more than 3 million peoples were recovered.
This virus is spread due to droplets produced during talking, coughing & sneezing. These droplets are fall around the area rather than spreading through the air over a long distance. When other persons get in the contact with these droplets, during touching to its nose it enters into the body. In most of the cases, fever is the main symptom. Others are loss of appetite, fatigue, shortness of breath, dry cough, muscle & joint pain. The typical incubation period for COVID 19 is five to eight days, but it can range from one to fourteen days when first get in contact with an infected person. It may longer in some cases.
To reduce the chances of infection includes staying at home, keeping a distance from others, avoiding to go in the crowded place, washing hands with soap & water more often and at least 20 seconds & avoiding touching to mouth, nose & eyes.
2 January 2020 – Australian bushfire.
Very deadly start of the year 2020 with this news. In each year there is a bushfire happens in many countries but Australia is one of the huge spots of bushfires reported in history ever.
In December 2019, Australia experienced its hottest temperature reaching near 50 to 51 degrees Celsius. There are the many reasons behind this bush fire but the main reason that most of the scientist think is Dry heat with lack of Rain & humidity. Due to the combination of hot & dry weather with strong winds has created for a fire to spread quickly over the areas.
Ecology expert Chris Dickman, from the University of Sydney, initially suggested on 3rd January 2020 that as many as 481 million animals were likely to have died in the NSW fire. After less than the week, he updated that number to 801 million & projected nationally that more than 1.01 billion had died. (This is the only prediction).
Due to this bushfire. Till the 9th March 2020, over 18.6 million hectors (46 million acres or 186000 sq. kilometers) burnt. Around 5910 buildings destroyed & up to 33 peoples died.
7 January 2020 – Puerto Rico Earthquake.
Since 27th December 2019, the Iceland of name Puerto Rico has been affected by hundreds of small earthquakes & powerful 6.4 magnitudes of the earthquake on the morning of Tuesday (7th January 2020). This earthquake caused damage to the infrastructures, leaving more than 2100 peoples in shelters, nearly 1.1 million without power & hundreds without water as of 9th, January 2020.
On the 7th of January 2020, Governor of Puerto Rico, Wanda Garced declared a state of emergency & evacuated the Puerto National Guard. There were refugees in 28 government-sponsored refugee centers spread over 15 municipalities of south & central Puerto Rico. Damage to Gov. structures was calculated in over hundreds of million & financial losses were estimated in 3.11 billion dollars. A power plan that supplies to Puerto Rico is seriously damaged & was shut down for repair around a 1 year.
1st January 2020 – Indonesia Devastating Floods.
Floods hit Indonesia several times in history. But when all peoples are in the celebration of the new year at that time Indonesia is dealing with the high Flood.
The reason for the flood in Jakarta is that it is 241 km2 below sea level. Flooding can occur severe in heavy rain. When this happens, the high tides push water into a low lying area in upland area flowing down in Jakarta.
In these more than 397100 residents had been evacuated to higher ground. Due to this, power is switched off, more than 71 peoples died.
January 2020 to May 2020– Tornados
A tornado is a violently rotating column of air extending from thunderstorm to the ground.
In the US from January 2020, In Louisiana, Texas, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Georgia, Tennessee, South California, Oklahoma, South Carolina & Louisiana reported tornados. Around 75 peoples died.
On Friday (3rd January 2020), a thunderstorm developed over the Mpumalanga area of South Africa. It causes serious damage to the farm, destroys the houses of around seven families, & destroy about 510 acres of pine forest.
13 May 2020 – Cyclone Amphan.
The Super Cyclone Amphan is the deadly & dangerous tropical cyclone that damaged east India & Bangladesh in May 2020. On 13 May 2020, cyclone starts from a low-pressure area about 300 kilometers east of Colombo, Shri Lanka. On 18 May 2020, Amphan cyclon reaches its peak intensity wind speed of about 241 km/hr. Amphan cyclone started to weaken due to dry air & variation in wind velocity occurring along a direction at a right angle to the wind’s direction & exerting turning force.
Due to this Amphan cyclone, the coastal area of Odisha, Kolkata, North Parganas, South Parganas, Howrah, East Midnapur in West Bengal, & Bangladesh are very much affected.
As per the US Pacific disaster Centre, around 38.8 million peoples from India & Bangladesh are at high risk of exposure. All ports in the Bangladesh & Bay of the Bengal have suspended the loading & unloading of goods & materials. Migrants traveling to Odisha from various locations were asked to wait out the storm. Routes of the AC special trains traveling from Delhi & other locations to Bhubaneshwar were diverted to avoid the effect of the cyclone. Because of that Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is also closed until 21 May 2020.
Approximately 4.1 million peoples from India & Bangladesh were evacuated with 2.1 million from India & 2.2 million from Bangladesh.
Locusts are a very big threat to the Corps, Plants, Trees, etc. It may destroy all farms. So from the year of 2019 to the date, the following are the countries affected by these Locusts. Such countries are Kenya, Africa, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Uganda, Yemen, South Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Oman, Iran, Pakistan & India.
As of April 2020, about 70,100 hectors of land in Kenya alone are already infested. 20.1 million peoples are facing food insecurity in Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia, United Republic of Tanzania.
In India, about 3,67,100 hectors of land were attacked by Locusts in the Rajasthan area & Gujrat. Districts that are largely affected are Jaisalmer, Sri Ganganagar, Barmer, Jodhpur, Nagpur & Churu.
Sudan is fighting with the flood from July 2020. Due to heavy rain, water level gets increased of the Nile River more than 17 m. According to Sudanese Ministry of Irrigation, this is the highest record found till date. Due to this flood more than 60,000 homes get damaged & destroyed, more than 35 peoples died. State of Emergency declared by the Government of Sudan on 4th September 2020. Due to flood & landslides around 100 peoples died & more than 1,00,000 properties got damaged as per the reports.
To get more information about the disasters & emergencies please follow below link – https://apps.who.int/disasters/repo/7656.pdf