Nowadays road transport is the first preference for the logistic industry. Everything is to be delivered now by road transport. But due to crowded space and congested areas, it becomes difficult to deliver any item with less time. So to avoid late delivery & to save time, drone delivery is the best option for now or in the future. Pizza delivery drones are going now in the USA.
Delivery drone technology is a pilotless aircraft used to deliver products, packages, medical supplies, foods & other essential things. These types of drones having 4 to 8 propellers used for developing thrust. These drones are powered by the Li-Po battery & controlled by the remote. These drones are with GPS, camera & other control units. So, it is easy to see location on the google map & able to deliver any item at the desired location with the help of the camera.
Applications of Delivery Drones.
Delivery Drones are more useful in the healthcare industry because they can fly easily via remote & able to deliver or access crowded areas easily as compared to vehicles. Drones will be the best option for delivery or transport of medical products like a vaccine, blood medical & pharmaceuticals samples. In this COVID 19 pandemic, drones are used to delivering personal protective equipment, test samples & others in the USA. Zipline is the most sustainable delivery drone that plays an important role in delivering more than 65,000 medical needs in 2020.
Nowadays, delivery drones for food are the most discussed topic due to an announcement by the CEO of Amazon, Mr. Jeff Bezos. An American company Amazon, drone delivery team is working to develop drones (Amazon blimp) that can deliver food & packages. It is helpful due to delivery items very fast. In urban areas, due to crowded & congested spaces, it is difficult to find a delivery address and to reach them. But it will be possible with the help of the delivery drones service. In the upcoming years, food delivery drones will be the trend.
So many drone delivery companies from Singapore, Australia, Germany, Switzerland & Ukraine have developed & taken trials on the drones which are used for postal delivery. It will make the delivery of postal documents in less time.
Today, farmers are not doing farming with the old methodology. They are doing smart farming. They are using drones for various farming applications. Due to that cost get reduced.
Delivery Drone Implementation by Countries.
In 2014, Prime minister & cabinet minister of the UAE (United Arab Emirates) announced that they are planning to launch drones for the civilian. They are using these drones for eye recognition systems and to use fingerprint to deliver important documents like ID Cards, licenses, passports and, emergency services.
In 2016, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) gave permission in the USA for the use of drones weighing less than 25kg, can fly up to 120-meter maximum height and, speed should not be greater than 160km/hr. In these rules, they have strictly mentioned that the qualified person can operate these drones, he should be at least 16 years old & in only daytime, these drones can be used.
Amazon delivery drones.
First time in the conference of LAS Vegas, Amazon declared its first electric delivery drone. It is in the hexagonal design and has very few moving parts. These drones are equipped with full of sensors like thermal sensors, visual sensors, and ultrasonic sensors. These sensors are designed in houses as per the need & use for the application.
Regular camera & infrared camera is used to get a detailed view of the surrounding. These drones having advance computing system which runs a variety of machine learning module to keep these drones safe. With these technologies, it becomes possible to analyze things far away like other aircraft, birds coming in way while flying and, peoples & objects which are near to the landing area. These kinds of advanced features make Amazon delivery drones very special.
Delivery Drones Companies & experiments.
Since 2011 most of the companies are working on drone delivery development projects. Some of them are doing trials on their prototype. Some of them are started drone deliveries. Lets we will see in detail.
Before 2016-trials & prototypes of drone delivery companies.
|Month & Year||Company||Country or City||Description|
|December 2013||Research project of the Dalsey Hillblom and Lynn (DHL)||–||The drone name Parcelcopter delivered a quantity of medicine.|
|July 2014||Amazon||USA||Working on around 10 amazon drone prototypes and sent them to the FAA for doing testing on them.|
|August 2014||Google, Google Wing||Australia||Working on the google drone which can deliver packages & products.|
|February 2015||Alibaba partnering with YTO express||China||They have started drone delivery trials in some cities in China.|
After 2016-trials & prototypes of drone delivery companies.
|Month & Year||Company||Country or City||Description|
|March 2016||Flirtey||USA||Drone delivery in the urban area of the US by the fully autonomous FAA-approved drone.|
|April 2016||Central Gov. Japan with Chiba city research institute & Rakuten.||Naka, Tokushima||They have started drone delivery trials in the Urban area.|
|2016||Rakuten||Seaside Park in Chiba City, Japan||Delivery of Cargo done with the drones.|
|July 2016||Partnership between 7-Eleven & Flirtey||USA||In the USA, they delivered frozen Slurpee by using FAA-approved delivery drones.|
They are launching the first commercial drone delivery for Dominos in New Zealand.
|June 2017||China||JD.com||Testing drones for delivering packages up to 33kg with a speed of 100km/hr.|
|January 2018||Missouri||Boing||Working on a prototype of cargo drone delivery.|
|December 2019||Kroger+ designed by Nuro||Scottsdale, Arizona||Started groceries delivery to their customers.|
|2020||UPS associated with Matternet||Raleigh, North Carolina||Started medical delivery trials with delivery drones.|
|2020||NHS associated with Wingcopter||Isle of Mull, Scotland||Carried out a trial on PPE kit & COVID 19 testing kit delivery with drones.|
- Reduce road traffic-With this use of delivery drones, persons & their vehicles required to deliver packages get reduced. Hence traffic will get reduced.
- Reduction in delivery time- Due to high traffic & crowd in the urban area, it is difficult to reach the delivery location. But with the use of delivery drones, it will become possible to deliver packages in crowded & congested areas.
- Reduce pollution- Due to a reduction in traffic, pollution will also get reduced.
- Reduction in transportation cost- Cost require for a vehicle, petrol, time of the delivery person, the time required to find a place & home will get reduced.
Drone Delivery makes delivery very simple. Delivery of food, packages, postal documents, cargo & many others will be possible with very little time. So many reputed companies like the team of google drone & amazon delivery drones are working on delivery drones to make delivery very simple. The coming future of any delivery will be done by drones.