New Technology in Mechanical Engineering.



Mechanical Engineering is the mother branch of all the fields of engineering. It is a very vast field. As it is known as a mother branch, which means in this field, the main subject of each stream is the part of the Mechanical Engineering syllabus. Mechanical engineering is the basics of engineering. As we know, the world is developing new technology in recent years in all disciplines. In this new era of technology, mechanical engineers inventing some new technology in mechanical engineering that is growing so fast. These new technologies in mechanical engineering are very helpful for the world. 

Discuss new technology in mechanical engineering.

Industrial revolution 4.0

Refer to the main article on Industrial Revolution for detailed information.

smart industry
Industry 4.0

Industrial Revolution is the first part of the new technology in Mechanical Engineering. Industrial revolution 4.0 is the era of the smart industries where technologies of computers & electronics are inter-connected with mechanical technologies.

Because of the industrial revolution, technologies in every sector have become more advance. Instead of manual works, peoples are using advanced robots. These robots are able to works faster. The way of doing work is completely changed.

Industries are becoming smarter. Due to that, mass production becomes very easy in manufacturing industries with minimum errors. More accuracy is going to achieve. Industrial Revolution 4.0 consists of the Internet of things (IoT), Digital Twin, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, etc.


Refer to the main article on IoT for detailed information.

Internet of Things

Internet of Things (IoT) is the prime consideration of the Industrial revolution 4.0. With this technology, life becomes easy. IoT is the most important part of new technology in mechanical engineering.

IoT is the system that makes one “Dumb” device “Smarter” by giving them the ability to transfer data over the internet(network) without a human to computer interaction & allow it to communicate with other IoT enabled things.

It reduced the time required to do unnecessary work. For example, to turn off the light, we have to walk towards the switch & turn it off. But with IoT, we can do with smart devices. There are many sectors where IoT technology is used. 

4D Printing Technology

Refer to the main article on 4D Printing Technology for detailed information.

3D printed ball
4D Printing

The Idea of 4D printing is first introduced in the MIT self-assembly lab. 4D printing is an advancement in 3D printing. In 4D printing, material plays a very important role because it is specially designed to react with the external medium.

When 4D printed object gets in contact with some external medium like heat, electricity & magnetic field, it may start transforming its shape because of the shape-changing property.

In the future, this technology will be more preferred in various industries like biomedical. 4D printing plays an important role in new technology in mechanical engineering.

5D Printing

Refer to the main article on 5D Printing for detailed information.

5d printing moon
5D Printing

The concept of 5D printing is first implemented by the Mitsubishi Electric Research Lab (MERL). William Yerazunis (Senior Principal Research Scientist) explained that, in 5D printing, the object is built with the help of five different axes that will help for creating a complicated object with good strength.

It is one step ahead of 3D Printing. In 3D Printing, the base becomes stationary & the printing head moved in X, Y & Z direction to create an object.

But in 5d printing, the Printing head moves in the X, Y & Z directions to create an object & the printing base also moves in the X & Y direction.

5D printed object having good strength rather than a 3D printed object. 5D printing plays an important role in new technology in mechanical engineering.

Solar Windows

Refer to the main article on Solar Windows for detailed information.

Solar Window

The solar window is the new technology in which sun rays falling on the windows get transferred & electricity also gets generated. There is partially transparent solar panel technology & fully transparent technology is there.

In this solar window system, we are getting a double advantage. It gives a bright future in the field of the car windows, large facades of the buildings & home windows. 

3D Printing

3d printing is also called additive manufacturing. A three-dimensional object is made by using a setup of the 3D printer & computerized CAD model. In the early time, 3D printing is used for making parts of the polymers.

In this process, the setup of the 3D printer makes the object by the layer on layer. But in today’s time, 3D Printing is used for making metal objects too. Instead of polymer, molten metal is used and an object is made layer by layer.

There are various 3D Printing processes like Stereolithography, Digital Light Processing (DLP), Extrusion, Inkjet, Selective Deposition & Lamination (SDL) are available in the market.

3D Printing is used for application in the construction, aviation, automotive, consumer products & healthcare industry.

Conclusion – New Technology in Mechanical Engineering

Above mentioned technologies are the new technology in mechanical engineering. These technologies in mechanical engineering are the main factors of today’s industrial revolution.

Due to that, automation takes place without a human interface, productivity gets improve, high efficiency is acquired, and many more. It helps human beings to achieve more accuracy in their works.

IIT Guwahati (Department of Mechanical Engineering) sponsored projects. Follow the below link.

Above all is a new technology in mechanical engineering 2020 or the latest technology in mechanical engineering.


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