Ceiling Fan Parts, Names, Functions & Diagram

Overview of a Ceiling Fan Anatomy

Nowadays, a ceiling fan is one of the fundamental pieces of equipment in every human being’s house because it gives so much comfortable atmosphere within our homes. A ceiling fan does not change the room temperature. It distributes the air in the room. So, a cool breeze revolves around the room. In the summer season, a ceiling fan pushes the air downward to get a cool breeze, whereas, in the winter season, it drags the air in an upward direction to get warm air which gives more comfort. To make a human comfortable various ceiling fan parts are assembled to work smoothly. We all have to know the parts of a ceiling fan, so we can do their maintenance and change any damaged parts whenever required.

As ceiling fan is widely used in both seasons, there are chances of malfunction. So to avoid such circumstances, we need to know the parts of a ceiling fan and their names and functions.

Ceiling Fan Parts Diagram

Ceiling Fan Parts, Names, Functions & Diagram

Ceiling Fan Parts Names

  • Electric Motor
  • Motor Housing
  • Mounting Mechanism
  • Fan Blades
  • Fan Blade Bracket
  • Down Rod
  • Pull Cord
  • Flywheel
  • Lamp

Parts of Ceiling Fan and their Function

Electric Motor

The electric motor is called the heart of the ceiling fan. Its function is to convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.

When an electric current passes in the coil of the electric motor, the magnetic field generates within the coil leads to the coil rotating. This rotation energy is transferred to the fan blades.

So, thereby fan blades are moving. Generally, it uses a single-phase capacitor run induction motor whose rated voltage is 230 V ± 10 % with a frequency of 50 Hz.

Motor Housing

Motor housing is the cover of the motor, which is of iron. Its function is to protect the motor from dust and debris. Another function of the motor housing is to look the fan neat and decorative without showing the inner operation motor.

Mounting Mechanism

The mounting mechanism is nothing but a fixture used to attach the fan to the ceiling. Several mechanisms are available, but the ball and socket system and J hook with shackle clamp are the most common mounting mechanisms.

The ball and socket system works with a mounting bracket of the fan, which fits the bottom of the down rod. J hook and shackle clamp fit direct to the ceiling of the home with a rubber grommet which absorbs vibration caused due to rotation.

This mounting mechanism is mainly used in older, heavy-duty fans & industrial fans.

The mounting mechanism is one of the important parts of a ceiling fan because if this mounting mechanism is not fit properly to the ceiling, there will be chances to fall off the fan.

Fan Blades

Fan blades are the wing of the ceiling fan which extend outward toward the center of the fan. The materials of the blades are aluminum, plastic, steel, or wood. Aluminum fan blades are lighter in weight, which enhances the efficiency of a ceiling fan.

Depending upon the ceiling fan, it has 3 or 4 fan blades. 4 blade fan provides better air circulation as compared to 3-blade fans. This fan blade is 120 degrees apart and positioned at 12 degrees either drag air upwards or push air downwards.

Ceiling Fan Working

In the winter season, fan blades are to be set in a clockwise direction to drag the air upward and circulate the warm air in the room. So, the room feels warm and more comfortable.

In the summer season, fan blades are set in an anti-clockwise direction to push the air downward to create a cool breeze without altering the temperature, and we will get a cold breeze.

Fan Blade Bracket

Fan blade brackets referred to as fan blade hinges, are generally made up of metal. The function of the fan blade bracket is to attach the fan blade to the center part of the fan. This fan blade bracket is attached with bolting or riveting with the fan blade.

Down Rod

A down rod is also called a suspension rod. This down rod is a rigid and hollow galvanized pipe. The diameter and length of the down rod depend upon the type and design of the ceiling fan.

The longer the size of the down rod, the lower the height of the ceiling, and vice versa.

One end of the down rod is bolted at the position and is connected to the motor housing. It absorbs the suspension caused by the motor, whereas another end of the down rod is connected to the mounting mechanism.

Pull Cord

A pull cord is sometimes called a pull chain. It is the most used part of the ceiling fan. A pull cord or pull chain can be made of special metal or thick fabric string.

A pull cord is placed down from the ceiling. So the user can easily grab it. The function of the pull cord is to switch ON/OFF the fan, increase or decrease the speed or change the direction either clockwise or anticlockwise.

Some fan comes with several chains, or some come with only one chain that does all function.

A pull cord is frequently used as part of a ceiling fan, and it can easily break down. This pull cord requires a lot of maintenance, and it is easy to repair.


The flywheel is the component that connects the fan blade bracket to the motor. Generally, the flywheel material is rubber, plastic, or sometimes metal.

Due to its repetitive use, there are chances of deterioration which causes the falling up of ceiling fans and harms humans.


A lamp is an extra part of the ceiling fan and is available in some new and modern ceiling fans. This lamp is at a point where all fan blades meet and are in a downward direction. It is mostly used in the bedroom to glow the aesthetic.

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