32 Essential Parts of a Car: Expert Guide with Names, Functions & Diagrams

A car, also called an automobile, is a road vehicle equipped with an engine, four wheels, and seats capable of accommodating a small number of people. Most definitions of cars specify that they primarily operate on roads, have a seating capacity of one to eight individuals, possess four wheels, and are mainly designed for transporting people rather than goods. Undoubtedly, cars are complex mechanisms wherein different parts of a car and systems collaborate to facilitate their operation. The assembly of car parts, alongside other accessories, culminates in creating a fully functional car. Each car part is carefully manufactured to ensure optimal performance and efficiency. The engine, wheels, transmission, suspension system, tyres, and brakes are among the key parts of the car. These parts collectively contribute to the proper functioning of the vehicle and play a pivotal role in its performance and safety.

This article provides an informative guide, offering an in-depth understanding of various auto parts, their names, and their functions with pictures.

Car Parts Diagram

Parts of a Car, Names, Functions & Diagram

Car Parts Names

There are different parts of a car’s name, each with various functions. Below are the necessary parts of a car listed with their detailed description.

  • Engine
  • Chassis
  • Car Body
  • Car Interior
  • Air Conditioning System
  • Lighting System
  • Engine Cooling System
  • Lubrication System
  • Ignition System
  • Electrical System
  • Transmission System
  • Steering System
  • Suspension System
  • Fuel Supply System
  • Brakes System
  • Clutch System
  • Signaling System
  • Exhaust System
  • Seating System
  • Battery
  • Alternator
  • Radiator
  • Drive Shaft
  • Differential
  • Axle
  • Wheel /Tire
  • Fuel Tank
  • Fuel gauge
  • Temperature gauge
  • Sensors
  • Car trip meter
  • Hood

Parts of a Car and Their Functions


The engine is a power source that produces the power to run the car on the road. It uses air and fuel to generate energy by combustion in the combustion chamber.

It consists of three main parts: a heavy engine block. This casing encloses all moving parts and a detachable cylinder head.

In a gasoline engine, when the piston compresses the air and fuel mixture inside the combustion chamber, an explosion occurs, and the piston moves downward. This reciprocating motion repeatedly happens in the engine.

The reciprocating motion of the piston is transmitted by connecting the rod to the crankshaft and converting it into a rotary motion. Hence, the car wheel rotates to run the car on the road.

The cam and follower system and electrical system play a prime role in opening and closing the inlet and outlet port of the engine at an accurate time through the valves for the combustion of fuel.

Inlet ports allow the air-fuel mixture to come into the combustion chamber. In contrast, the outlet port lets the exhaust gases drain out from the combustion chamber. The right timing of these valves decides the efficiency of the engine and its performance.

A transmission system is present between the engine and the wheel. It helps to change the car speed as per the requirement.

Also, the lubrication of each car engine part helps to increase the engine’s performance and life.

Old automobiles have a rotary or a Wankel engine with a circular construction. The function is the same, but their design is different.

All car engine parts

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The chassis acts as the primary structural framework of all vehicles. Its function is to effectively support and distribute load and stresses during stationary and dynamic conditions.

One of the key roles of the chassis is to provide secure mounting points for various car parts. The chassis helps the vehicle to take the weight of its parts and withstand external forces.

Constructing an automobile chassis involves using several high-strength materials that are welded and riveted together to form a robust and durable framework. This structure enables the integration and attachment of essential components throughout the vehicle.

Moreover, rubber packing plays a crucial role in mitigating engine and mechanical vibrations. Rubber packings not only dampen and absorb vibrations but also contribute to providing a smooth and pleasant ride experience for passengers.

Types of Cars, Names & Pictures

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Car Body

The car body is a structural enclosure constructed from various metal sheets. It offers passenger accommodation and protection against environmental elements such as sunlight, wind, and airborne particles.

The fabrication process involves the immersion and perforation of multiple sheets to attain the desired shape and size. These are later joined to the chassis through welding and riveting methods.

Within the automotive market, different vehicles have different body shapes. It is mainly affected by factors such as vehicle type, manufacturer, and cost considerations.

Present-day automobile sheet materials that significantly enhance passenger safety in the event of accidents.

Aluminum and its alloys have emerged as prime choices for constructing car body parts due to their outstanding combination of high strength and lightweight. It provides an optimal balance of performance and efficiency.

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Car Interior

The car interior not only increases the visual appeal but also elevates the comfort of the vehicle.

These contain multiple features, such as the ergonomically crafted dashboard, precision-engineered steering mechanism, door trims, plush seating arrangements, finely calibrated gearbox, strategically positioned lights, optimally placed air conditioning ports, different controls, and a host of other meticulously crafted components.

The dimensions of each interior part of a car are engineered to create an appealing aesthetic while prioritizing passenger comfort. Every element fulfils a specific purpose and occupies a defined space within the vehicle to enhance the overall driving experience.

Car Interior Parts, Names, Functions & Diagram

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Air Conditioning System

The function of the air conditioning system is to absorb the heat from the car inside and supply cool air. It is done by refrigerant manipulation from a gas to a liquid or vice versa during refrigeration.

The primary parts of the air conditioning system are a compressor, evaporator, condenser, expansion valve, and refrigerant.

The compressor compresses the vapour refrigerant that comes from the evaporator. It increases the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant.

From the compressor, the refrigerant passes to the condenser coil, where it ejects the heat and turns it into liquid form. However, the refrigerant has a high temperature when it passes through the expansion valve; its pressure and temperature decrease.

When this refrigerant passes through the evaporator, it begins soaking heat from the surroundings, making the surrounding atmosphere cold.

Due to that, refrigerant starts boiling and turns into vapour. So, the same process repeats to get a cold atmosphere inside the car cabin.

Air Conditioner Parts, Names, Functions, and Diagram

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Lighting System

Vehicle lighting and signalling devices are strategically positioned on the front and rear sides of the automobile. Its functions are to provide road visibility, obstacle detection, and adherence to traffic regulations.

The headlights include high and low beams designed to facilitate optimal surroundings recognition. These lighting components play a vital role in enhancing the driver’s visibility and ensuring the safe navigation of the vehicle.

The high beams provide an extended range of illumination for better long-distance visibility. At the same time, the low beams offer a focused and less dazzling light output for driving in urban areas or when approaching other vehicles.

In addition to the headlights, signalling lights are integrated into the vehicle’s exterior to indicate the driver’s intended turn direction.

These lights are typically located on the front and rear sides of the car. It helps communicate the driver’s intentions to other road users, promoting safe and efficient traffic flow.

Furthermore, the rear red lights indicate potential danger or signal a stop to other vehicles on the road. These lights are crucial for notifying other drivers about the braking or halted status of the car, ensuring a timely response and minimizing the risk of collisions.

Types of Light Bulbs & their Names

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Engine Cooling System

During fuel combustion within the combustion chamber, a significant amount of heat is generated. This heat directly influences the temperatures experienced by various engine components.

This high has dangerous implications, such as diminished component longevity and compromised engine efficiency.

However, integrating a carefully designed cooling system related to the engine’s requirements mitigates these issues. It enhances performance and efficiency.

The cooling system is responsible for safeguarding the engine from succumbing to the dangers of excessive heat or cold.

By adjusting the temperature levels, the cooling system ensures that the engine operates within its optimal thermal parameters, which increases efficiency and performance.

Lubrication System

Automotive engines have multiple dynamic components that cause substantial friction during operation. It has a significant risk of wear and failure.

This lubrication system plays a key role in supplying a carefully formulated oil to these parts. It effectively mitigates frictional forces and promotes seamless movement.

The lubrication system acts as a hard defense against friction and wear and tear. Reducing frictional losses increases the operational lifespan of engine parts. It increases the overall performance and efficiency of the engine.

Furthermore, lubricating oil within the engine is critical as a sealing agent during the piston’s reciprocating motion within the cylinder.

By forming a micron-thin lubrication film on the cylinder walls, the system facilitates a tight seal and significantly reduces the chance of undesirable leakages.

Ignition System

The function of the ignition system is to ignite the spark in the combustion chamber at the right time for the complete burning of the fuel. Complete burning of the fuel increases the machine’s performance and efficiency.

In the IC engine, the spark plug is responsible for the fuel ignition at power stroke. But in the CI engine, the spark plug is not present.

Air is compressed in the cylinder at power stroke, which increases the temperature of the air. At the right time, the fuel is injected through the fuel injector for the complete combustion of the fuel.

Electrical System

The automobile has numerous electrical and electronic elements that play vital roles. Some essential components are the magneto, alternator, voltage regulator, and battery, collectively constituting the backbone of the intricate electrical system.

These components are key in governing essential operations such as ignition, illumination, windshield wiper functionality, climate control, and numerous other crucial systems.

The breakdown of any of these electrical components causes deep disruptions to the intricate electrical and electronic network, which can affect the overall performance and efficiency of the automobile.

Transmission System

The transmission system offers a smooth transfer of power the engine generates to the vehicle’s wheels. Its primary function revolves around the complex manipulation of both engine output and the gear ratio of the drive shaft. It enables precise adjustments to the torque applied to the wheels.

The transmission system on the front side of the vehicle boasts the vehicle’s performance. Some examples of the transmission are manual, semi-automatic, and automatic.

The transmission system empowers drivers to exert fine-grained control over both torque and speed parameters.

By improving this dynamic control, fuel efficiency can be optimized, and the overall driving experience can be increased.

Parts of Automatic Transmission, Names, Functions & Diagram

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Steering System

The steering system is important for controlling a vehicle’s direction and allowing the driver to influence its movement. It is present in the front portion of the car.

It transforms the rotational input from the steering wheel into a swiveling motion—a small turn of the wheel results in a proportionally minor change in the car’s path.

This design makes it easy for the driver to navigate with minimal effort. It reduces the force needed to turn the car, offering excellent handling and reliable control regardless of road conditions.

There are various steering mechanisms in the automotive industry, but power steering is good. It is present in most modern cars. It utilizes hydraulic or electric assistance to amplify the driver’s input, providing smooth and responsive control.

Suspension System

The suspension system is like a cushion for a car. It helps it handle bumpy roads smoothly. It’s made up of links, uprights, and springs, working together on all four wheels. This system absorbs shocks and vibrations, making sure the car stays stable, and passengers enjoy a comfy ride. It’s all about safety and comfort when you’re on the road!

There are three types of suspension systems.

  • Dependent
  • Independent
  • Semi-Independent


It uses stiff linkages that connect two wheels of the same axle. When one wheel passes through the irregular surface, the other wheel spring is also affected, as both have the same axle. It helps to divide the shocks and vibrations.

A leaf spring is a suitable example of a dependent suspension system.


In an independent suspension system, each wheel has the freedom to move and has individual suspensions. When one wheel passes through the irregular surface, only the suspension system experiences shocks and vibrations.

Coil spring suspension is the best example of an independent suspension system. In a modern car, pushrod suspension system technology is more advanced. It gives much comfort to the passengers.


It is a combination of dependent and independent suspension systems. The suspension of both wheels is independent, but one wheel’s position impacts the other wheel’s position.

The Twist beam is the best example of a semi-independent system.

Fuel Supply System

It is for supplying fuel at the correct timing into the engine. Its function is the same, but the mediums are different to deliver the fuel into the engine.

The petrol engine uses the carburetor to mix the petrol into the air and supply it to the engine as required. The engine has an inlet port opening and closing at the correct time to deliver the air-fuel mixture.

In the diesel engine, the fuel injector directly injects the fuel into the combustion chamber during the power stroke. Like a petrol engine, inlet ports drive the air into the combustion chamber and close as per their valve timing.

Brakes System

The brakes are important for slowing down the car. There are two main types: old-fashioned mechanical and modern hydraulic brakes.

Inside the braking system, there are important parts like the brake pedal, the hydraulic master cylinder (which uses fluid to apply pressure), the wheel cylinder (helps activate the brakes), the brake drum, brake pads, and linkages (making sure everything works smoothly).

When you press the brake pedal, it sends force to the wheels, creating friction between the tires and the road. It helps in controlling the vehicle’s speed to avoid any accidents.

Clutch System

The clutch system is necessary for transferring power in a car and disconnecting the engine from the wheels. It uses components like the pressure plate and friction plate to engage when the vehicle is moving.

When changing speed or torque, the clutch is applied, separating the pressure plate from the friction plate. It disconnects the engine from the wheels, allowing the gear ratio to be adjusted as needed.

Clutch systems come in different types for various vehicles, such as single-plate, multiple-plate, and centrifugal clutches. Automatic transmissions often use centrifugal clutches, which use centrifugal forces to engage the clutch based on engine speed smoothly. It enhances the efficiency of gear changes.

Signaling System

The signaling system consists mainly of sensors. It gives signals to various devices to operate. It also notifies us through mobile or calls.

  • In accidental conditions, the sensor gives a signal to open the airbags.
  • We indicate the vehicle through the keys to lock and unlock the car.
  • If we forget the car, we get a message about its location.
  • It sends the notices to our close once in the accidental conditions.
  • Tracks our live location and directs us the proper way through GPS.

Exhaust System

The primary function of the exhaust system is to evacuate the combustion byproducts from the engine’s cylinders effectively. It consists of various parts like an exhaust manifold, catalytic converter, oxygen sensor, exhaust pipe, silencer, resonator, tailpipe, and gasket.

While exhausting exhaust gases, the exhaust ports intermittently open and close via exhaust valves. Subsequently, the gases from each cylinder converge within the exhaust manifold.

A series of interconnected pipes direct the exhaust gases toward the catalytic converter, which undertakes the vital task of converting harmful emissions into harmless gases.

Through chemical processes such as oxidation and reduction, toxic substances are transformed into more environmentally friendly compounds.

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Seating System

Modern vehicle seats offer good comfort and customization for drivers and passengers. Users can enjoy features like seat folding, versatile height adjustments, dynamic movements, adjustable incline angles, and even detachable seats.

These innovations result from in-depth data analysis and the integration of new technology. As a result, drivers can achieve a highly ergonomic driving position, reducing the risk of physical discomfort during long journeys.

The adjustable seats not only enhance the driving experience but also contribute significantly to road safety. By minimizing the risk of accidents caused by discomfort or distraction, these designs increase the level of protection on the road.


The car battery provides the essential electrical power needed for various electronic systems. Its main job is to start the engine by powering the starter motor.

Most car batteries follow the SLI (Starting, Lighting, and Ignition) model, mainly made of lead-acid chemistry. These batteries are excellent at delivering the necessary current for ignition, lighting, and starting the engine.

Typically, car batteries operate in a 12 to 24-volt range. It ensures that all electrical systems in a vehicle can work together smoothly. This adherence to a common voltage range guarantees compatibility and optimal performance for all the electronic components in a car. Due to that, users get a reliable and high-performance driving experience.


It is a generator for automobiles. It is at the car’s front portion, near the engine, and connects with the crankshaft through the serpentine belt. The main parts of the alternator are the rotor, stator, regulator, rectifier, and pulley.

When a car goes on the road, it charges the battery. It supplies the power to all electrical and electronic parts of the car.

When the engine starts, the alternator starts rotating through the serpentine belt. The pulley has a groove to fit the serpentine belt and is connected to the rotor.

When the rotor rotates inside the stator winding, it induces the electric current or EMF in the stator copper coils. Furthermore, the regulator regulates the constant voltage, and the rectifier converts the AC to DC during the charging process.

serpentine belt

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Radiators serve as vital heat exchangers in various engine systems. It plays an essential role in effectively cooling engine temperatures.

Within automotive engineering, a coolant fluid is strategically circulated near the engine through a network of pipes to counteract excessive heat. This distributing coolant comes into direct contact with the engine’s surfaces, extracting thermal energy and reducing the engine’s temperature.

Subsequently, the now-heated coolant moves towards the radiator, where it undergoes a cooling process through exposure to ambient air.

The radiator’s complex network of fins and pipe surfaces actively helps cool the coolant.

Automobile engines can be classified into two primary cooling categories: water and oil.

The choice of cooling method depends upon various factors such as engine type and manufacturer specifications.


Sensors are electronic sensing devices that detect various aspects of a vehicle and send signals to the driver or the Electronic Control Unit (ECU).

These sensors can determine critical parameters, including engine temperature, coolant levels, oil pressure, vehicle velocity, valve timing, oxygen concentration within exhaust emissions, and other invaluable data. Based on the data received from the sensor, the operator can make a decision.

Drive Shaft

The driveshaft is the primary medium for transmitting rotational force from the vehicle’s gearbox to the differential. This essential component has a universal joint to accommodate varying conditions.

Its core function is transferring rotary motion and torque generated by the engine to the wheels. When traversing uneven road surfaces, the rear axle and differential assembly experience vertical oscillations, which exert considerable load on the driveshaft.

The drive shaft is designed with inclination and adjustment mechanisms to address this challenge and optimize its length.

The parts of the drive shaft contain the following: the U joint, tube, center bearing, midship shaft, end yoke, ship and tube yoke, and flanges. The driveshaft increases its mechanical performance by integrating these elements.

stepped shaft

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The differential is a gear mechanism in cars that allows two wheels on the same drive shaft to spin at different speeds. It takes the engine’s power and sends it to the wheels through a twisting path. It’s like transforming the engine’s rotation into the smooth motion of the wheels.

This invention is found in many rear-wheel-drive cars, making maintenance costs more reasonable. It makes your car move smoothly and efficiently.


The axle is the shaft that helps to rotate the car wheels and support the automobile weight. The axle has a mounting point where the bearing or bushing mounts to revolve the wheel. This bearing or bushing is the central part of the wheel.

The rear axle, front axle, and stub axle are the types of axles. The rear axle transfers the rotating motion from the engine to the wheel. The front axle helps to assist the steering mechanism. The stub axle connects the car’s front wheel, and the kingpin connects it with the front axle.


The wheel is a rotating part that establishes the vital connection between the vehicle and the road. Due to the tire, the vehicle can run on the road and provide a better ride experience. The car wheel consists of the rim, tire, spokes, valve, stem, beads, center bore, and hub.

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The tire is made from a blend of rubber and reinforced with a strong network of steel wires to enhance its durability. It securely hugs the metal rim, creating a robust connection.

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Fuel Tank

This component is typically positioned within the lower rear section of the vehicle, ensuring convenient accessibility for essential maintenance procedures that require the removal of the fuel pump.

A carefully designed watertight aperture is combined into the fuel tank to prevent any potential fuel seepage or exchange with the environment.

Fuel Gauge

A fuel gauge is a fuel level sensing device that displays how much fuel is current inside the fuel tank. It has an indicator outside the tank and a sensing mechanism inside.

When the sensing mechanism senses the fuel, it automatically sends the signal about the fuel level to the indicator, and we get the data on the screen.

Temperature Gauge

Its function is to measure the temperature of the engine coolant. We have an indicator on the dashboard to indicate the coolant state, which is cold, regular, or overheated.

When the engine starts running, coolant flows to cool down the engine. However, the temperature gauge gives data on the overheating of the coolant. In that case, it might be a sign of some technical problem or any equipment damage.

CarTtrip Meter

It shows the distance traveled by car during the trip. We can set this trip meter before starting the travel. So we can easily find the distance we traveled.

Pushing the button on the car trip meter, we can find the current travel distance, and forcing one more time gives you the present overall travel distance.

In old cars, there was a mechanical trip meter available. But in the modern car, it is digital. It helps to calculate the mileage of the vehicle. It gives you accurate data on the efficiency of the car.


The car hood is the metallic sheet that covers the front top portion of the car. It is also known as a bonnet in some countries.

It helps to protect the engine, air conditioning unit, radiator, battery, alternator, and more from dust, sun rays, wind, stones, rain, and more. Its design varies depending on the car type and manufacturer.

With the concealed latch, we can open and hold the hood. Aluminum and its alloys are the first choice of material for hoods.

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All Auto Parts

Car Body

  • Panels
  1. Front Side
  2. Rear Side
  • Bonnet/hood
  1. Car cover
  2. Support stick
  3. Hinges and springs
  • Bumper
  1. Unexposed bumper
  2. Exposed bumper

The exposed bumper divides into-

  1. Front Bumper
  2. Rear Bumper
  • Cowl screen
  • Decklid
  • Fender (wing or mudguard)
  • fascia
  • Grille (also called grill)
  • Pillar and hard trim
  1. Side Pillars
  2. Door Pillars
  3. Windshield Pillar
  4. Rear Quarter Pillar
  • Quarter panel
  • Radiator core support
  • Rocker
  • Roof rack
  • Spoiler
  1. Front spoiler (air dam)
  2. Rear spoiler (wing)
  • Rims
  1. Hubcap
  2. Tire/Tyre
  • Trim Package
  1. Trunk/boot/hatch
  • Trunk/boot latch
  • Valance
  • Welded assembly
  • Car Door
  1. Door Panel
  2. Moulding
  3. Pillar
  4. Door Hinges
  5. Anti-intrusion bar
  6. Outer door handle
  7. Inner door handle
  8. Door Locks and Latches
  9. Door Carrier
  10. Door Switch
  11. Door water-shield
  12. Central-locking
  13. Door Seals and Weatherstripping
  14. Car Door Speakers
  15. Fuel tank (or fuel filler) door
  • Window
  1. Window Switch
  2. Power Window Motor
  3. Glass
  4. Sunroof
  5. Sunroof motor
  6. Sunroof Rail
  7. Sunroof Glass
  8. Window Motor
  9. Window regulator
  10. Windshield (or windscreen)
  11. Windshield washer(or windscreen wiper) motor

Engine Oil System

  • Oil filter
  • Oil gasket
  • Oil pan
  • Oil pipe
  • Oil pump
  • Oil strainer
  • Oil suction filter

Suspension & Steering

  • Axle
  • Ball joint
  • Beam axle
  • Camber’s arm
  • Control arm
  • Idler’s arm
  • Kingpin
  • Lateral link
  • Panhard rod
  • Pitman’s arm
  • Power steering assembly and component
  • Rack end
  • Shock absorber
  • Spindle
  • Spring
  1. Air spring
  2. Coil spring
  3. Leaf and parabolic leaf spring
  4. Rubber spring
  5. Spiral spring
  • Stabilizer bars and link
  • Steering arm
  • Steering box
  • Steering pump
  • Steering column assembly
  • Steering rack
  • Steering shaft
  • Steering wheel (driving wheel)
  • Strut
  • Stub axle
  • Suspension link and bolt
  • Tie Rod End
  • Trailing arm

Electrified Powertrain

  • Electric motor
  1. Induction motor
  2. Synchronous motor
  • High voltage battery pack
  • Battery management system
  1. Nickel–metal hydride battery
  2. Lithium-ion battery
  • Fuel cell
  • Hydrogen tank
  • DC-DC converter
  • Inverter
  • Charge port
  1. SAE J1772 (Type 1 connector)
  2. Type 2 connector
  3. CHAdeMO
  4. CCS
  • Thermal management system
  1. Radiator
  2. Fan
  3. Glycol
  • Charger

Car Interior

  • Steering wheel
  1. Horn
  • Indicator Lever
  • Ignition
  • Speedometer
  • Car Seat
  1. Bench seat
  2. Bucket seat
  3. Children and baby car seat
  4. Backseat
  5. Front seat
  6. Arm Rest
  7. Headrest
  8. Seat Back
  9. Seat bracket
  10. Seat cover
  11. Seat track
  12. Car seat shell
  13. Five-point harnesses and harness slots
  14. UAS connectors
  15. Tether strap
  16. Locking clip
  17. Fastener
  18. Recliners
  • Cushion
  • Seat belt
  1. Shoulder guide loop,
  2. Webbing
  3. Non-locking retractor
  4. Automatic locking retractor
  5. Emergency locking retractor
  6. Vehicle-sensitive retractors
  7. Webbing sensitive retractors
  8. Buckle
  9. Buckle release
  10. Tongue (latch plate)
  11. Selvage
  • Dashboard
  • Storage compartment
  • Dashboard Silencer
  • Gear Lever with Arrangement
  • Floor Carpet
  • Car Lighting
  • Car back mirror
  • Hand Brake
  • Clutch Pedal
  • Brake Pedal
  • Accelerator
  • Air Bags
  • Power Window Control
  • Air Vent and Ventilation Control
  • Tibia Pad
  • Headliner
  • Door Trim
  • Door Weather Strip
  • Scuff Plate Ornament
  • Injection Moulded Baffle
  • Assist Grip
  • Sun Visor
  • Seat Fabric
  • Cup or Glass Holder
  • Vehicle audio
  • Emergency flashers
  • Carpet rubber, and other floor material
  • Center console (front and rear)
  • Trap (secret compartment)
  • Roll cage or Exo cage
  • Dash Panels
  • Airbags

Exhaust System

  • Catalytic converter
  • Exhaust clamp and bracket
  • Exhaust flange gasket
  • Exhaust gasket
  • Exhaust manifold
  • Exhaust manifold gasket
  • Exhaust pipe
  • Heat shield
  • Heat sleeving and tape
  • Resonator
  • Muffler (Silencer)
  • Spacer ring

Transmission System

  • Adjustable pedal
  • Axle shaft
  • Bell housing
  • Universal joint
  • Other belts
  • Carrier assembly
  • Chain wheel and sprocket
  • Clutch assembly
  • Clutch cable
  • Clutch disk
  • Clutch fan
  • Clutch fork
  • Clutch hose
  • Clutch lever
  • Clutch lining
  1. Clutch pedal
  2. Clutch pressure plate
  3. Clutch shoe
  4. Clutch spring
  • Differential
  1. Differential case
  • o   Pinion bearing
  • o   Differential clutch
  • o   Spider gears
  • o   Differential casing
  • Differential flange
  • Differential gear
  • Differential seal
  • Flywheel
  1. Flywheel ring gear
  2. Flywheel clutch
  • Gear
  1. Gear
  2. Gear coupling
  3. Gear pump
  4. Gear ring
  5. Gear stick (gear-stick, gear lever, selection lever, shift stick, gear shifter)
  • Gearbox
  • Idler gear
  • Knuckle
  • Master cylinder
  • Output shaft
  • Pinion
  • Planetary gear set
  • Prop shaft (drive shaft, propeller shaft)
  • Shift cable
  • Shift fork
  • Shift knob
  • Shift lever
  • Slave cylinder
  • Speed reducer
  • Speedometer gear
  • Steering gear
  • Torque converter
  • Trans-axle housing
  • Transfer case
  • Transmission gear
  • Transmission pan
  • Transmission seal and bonded piston
  • Transmission spring
  • Transmission yoke
  • Universal joint (UJ, card-an joint)

Car Engine

  • Diesel engine, petrol engine (gasoline engine)
  • Accessory belt
  • Air duct
  • Air intake housing
  • Air intake manifold
  • Camshaft
  1. Camshaft bearing
  2. Camshaft fastener
  3. Camshaft follower
  4. Camshaft locking plate
  5. Camshaft pushrod
  6. Camshaft spacer ring
  7. Camshaft phase variation
  • Connecting Rod
  1. Connecting rod bearing
  2. Connecting rod bolt
  3. Connecting rod washer
  • Crankcase
  • Crank pulley
  • Crankshaft
  1. Crankshaft oil seal (or rear main seal)
  • Cylinder head
  1. Cylinder head cover
  2. Other cylinder head cover parts
  3. Cylinder head gasket
  • Distributor
  • Distributor cap
  • Drive belt
  • Engine block
  • Engine cradle
  • Engine shake damper and vibration absorber
  • Engine valve
  • Fan belt
  • Gudgeon pin (wrist pin)
  • Harmonic balancer
  • Heater
  • Mounting
  • Piston
  1. Piston pin and crank pin
  2. Piston pin bush
  3. Piston ring and circlip
  • Poppet valve
  • Positive crankcase ventilation valve (PCV valve)
  • Pulley part
  • Rocker’s arm
  • Rocker cover
  • Starter motor
  1. Starter pinion
  2. Starter ring
  • Turbocharger and supercharger
  • Tappet
  • Timing belt
  • Timing tape
  • Valve cover
  • Valve housing
  • Valve spring
  • Valve stem seal
  • Water pump pulley

Engine Cooling System

  • Air blower
  • Coolant hose (clamp)
  • Cooling fan
  • Fan blade
  • Fan belt
  • Fan clutch
  • Radiator
  1. Radiator bolt
  2. Radiator (fan) shroud
  3. Radiator gasket
  4. Radiator pressure cap
  5. Overflow tank
  6. Thermostat
  • Water neck
  • Water neck o-ring
  • Water pipe
  • Water pump
  • Water pump gasket
  • Water tank

Fuel Supply System

  • Air filter
  • Carburetor
  • Choke cable
  • Exhaust gas recirculation valve (EGR valve)
  • Fuel cap or fuel filler cap
  • Fuel cell
  • Fuel cooler
  • Fuel distributor
  • Fuel filter
  • Fuel filter seal
  • Fuel Injector
  • Fuel injector nozzle
  • Fuel line
  • Fuel pump
  • Fuel pump gasket
  • Fuel pressure regulator
  • Fuel rail
  • Fuel tank
  1. Fuel tank cover
  • Fuel water separator
  • Intake manifold
  • Intake manifold gasket
  • LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) system assembly
  • Throttle body

Braking System

  • Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  1. ABS steel pin
  2. FR Side Sensor
  3. FL Side Sensor
  4. RR Side Sensor
  5. RL Side Sensor
  6. ABS Motor Circuit
  • Adjusting mechanism (adjuster star wheel)
  • Anchor
  • Bleed nipple
  • Brake backing plate
  • Brake backing pad
  • Brake cooling duct
  • Brake disc
  • Brake Fluid
  • Brake drum
  • Brake lining
  • Brake pad
  • Brake pedal
  • Brake piston
  • Brake pump
  • Brake roll
  • Brake rotor
  • Brake servo
  • Brake shoe
  1. Brake lining
  2. Shoe web
  • Brake warning light
  • Calibrated friction brake
  • Caliper
  • Combination valve
  • Dual circuit brake system
  • Hold-down springs (retainer springs)
  • Hose
  1. Brake booster hose
  2. Air brake nylon hose
  3. Brake duct hose
  • Hydraulic booster unit
  • Load-sensing valve
  • Master cylinder
  • Metering valve
  • Other braking system parts
  • Park brake lever/handle (hand brake)
  • Pressure differential valve
  • Proportioning valve
  • Reservoir
  • Shoe return spring
  • Tyre
  • Vacuum brake booster
  • Wheel cylinder (slave cylinder)
  • Wheel stud
What is a Car?

car or automobile is a road vehicle with an engine, four wheels, and seats that can carry a small number of people. Most definitions of cars say that they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four wheels, and mainly transport people instead of goods.

What are the different parts of a car?

Car Body
Car Interior
Air Conditioning System
Lighting System
Engine Cooling System
Lubrication System
Ignition System
Electrical System
Transmission System
Steering System
Suspension System
Fuel Supply System
Brakes System
Clutch System
Signaling System
Exhaust System
Seating System
Drive Shaft
Wheel /Tire
Fuel Tank
Fuel gauge
Temperature gauge
Car trip meter

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