A car, also called an automobile, is a road vehicle equipped with an engine, four wheels, and seats capable of accommodating a small number of people. Most definitions of cars stipulate that they primarily operate on roads, have a seating capacity of one to eight individuals, possess four wheels, and are primarily designed for transporting people rather than goods. Undoubtedly, cars are intricate and sophisticated mechanisms wherein numerous distinct parts and systems collaborate harmoniously to facilitate their operation. The assembly of car parts, alongside other accessories, culminates in creating a fully functional car. Each car part is meticulously manufactured to ensure optimal performance and efficiency. The engine, wheels, transmission, suspension system, tires, and brakes are among the key parts of a car. These parts collectively contribute to the proper functioning of the vehicle and play a pivotal role in its performance and safety.
This article provides an informative guide, offering an in-depth understanding of various auto parts, their names, and their functions. Through a unique technical lens, we aim to present an original and plagiarism-free perspective on these crucial components.
Table of Contents
Car Parts Diagram
Car Parts Names
There are different parts of a car’s name, each with various functions. Below are the necessary parts of a car listed with their detailed description.
- Car Body
- Car Interior
- Air Conditioning System
- Lighting System
- Engine Cooling System
- Lubrication System
- Ignition System
- Electrical System
- Transmission System
- Steering System
- Suspension System
- Fuel Supply System
- Brakes System
- Clutch System
- Signaling System
- Exhaust System
- Seating System
- Drive Shaft
- Wheel /Tire
- Fuel Tank
- Fuel gauge
- Temperature gauge
- Car trip meter
Parts of a Car and Their Functions
The engine is a power source that produces the power to run the car on the road. It uses air and fuel to generate power by combustion in the combustion chamber.
It consists of three main parts: a heavy engine block, a casing that encloses all moving parts, and a detachable cylinder head.
In a gasoline engine, when the piston compresses the air and fuel mixture inside the combustion chamber, an explosion occurs, and the piston moves downward. This reciprocating motion repeatedly happens in the engine.
The reciprocating motion of the piston transmits through connecting the rod to the crankshaft and converts it into the rotary motion. Hence, the car wheel rotates to run the car on the road.
The cam and follower system and electrical system play a prime role in opening and closing the inlet and outlet port of the engine at the accurate time through the valves to the combustion of fuel.
Inlet ports allow the air-fuel mixture to come into the combustion chamber, whereas the outlet port lets the exhaust gases drain out from the combustion chamber. The right timing of these valves decides the efficiency of the engine and its performance.
In between the engine and wheel, there is a transmission system present. It helps to change the car speed as per the requirement.
Also, the lubrication of each car engine part helps to increase the performance of the engine and its life.
Old automobiles have a rotary or a Wankel engine with a circular construction. The function is the same, but their design is different.
The chassis serves as the primary structural framework of all vehicles, effectively supporting and distributing load and stresses during stationary and dynamic conditions.
One of the key roles of the chassis is to provide secure mounting points for various car components. By effectively distributing the load, the chassis enables the vehicle to endure the weight of its parts and withstand external forces, such as those generated by poor road conditions or abrupt braking and acceleration.
The construction of an automobile chassis involves using several high-strength materials that are meticulously welded and riveted together, resulting in a robust and durable framework. This unified structure facilitates the integration and attachment of essential components throughout the vehicle.
Moreover, rubber packing plays a crucial role in mitigating engine and mechanical vibrations, enhancing passenger comfort. Rubber packings not only dampen and absorb vibrations but also contribute to providing a smooth and pleasant ride experience for passengers.
By effectively minimizing the transmission of vibrations from the engine and other mechanical components, these rubber packings decrease noise and improve overall ride quality.
The car body is a structural enclosure constructed from various metal sheets, offering passenger accommodation and protection against environmental elements such as sunlight, wind, and airborne particles.
The fabrication process involves the immersion and perforation of multiple sheets to attain the desired shape and size. These are subsequently joined to the chassis through welding and riveting methods, resulting in the expected overall form.
Within the automotive market, an array of vehicles can be found, each possessing distinct body shapes that are affected by factors such as vehicle type, manufacturer, and cost considerations. Present-day automobiles feature exceptionally robust sheet materials that significantly enhance passenger safety in the event of accidents.
Notably, aluminium and its alloys have emerged as prime choices for constructing car body parts due to their remarkable combination of high strength and reduced weight, providing an optimal balance of performance and efficiency.
The car interior constitutes a myriad of intricately designed elements that not only augment the visual allure but also elevate the comfort quotient of the vehicle.
These contain a multitude of indispensable features, such as the ergonomically crafted dashboard, precision-engineered steering mechanism, meticulously tailored door trims, plush seating arrangements, finely calibrated gearbox, strategically positioned lights, optimally placed air conditioning ports, different intuitive controls, and a host of other meticulously crafted components.
The precise contours and dimensions of each interior part of a car are meticulously engineered to create an appealing aesthetic while prioritizing passenger comfort. Every element fulfils a specific purpose and occupies a designated space within the vehicle, synergistically working together to enhance the overall driving experience.
Air Conditioning System
The function of the air conditioning system is to absorb the heat from the car inside and supply cool air. It is done by the refrigerant manipulation from a gas to a liquid or vice versa during refrigeration.
The primary part of the air conditioning system is a compressor, evaporator, condenser, expansion valve, and refrigerant.
The compressor compresses the vapour refrigerant that comes from the evaporator. It increases the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant.
From the compressor, the refrigerant passes to the condenser coil, where it ejects the heat and turns it into liquid form. However, the refrigerant has a high temperature when refrigerant passes through the expansion valve; its pressure and temperature decrease.
When this refrigerant passes through the evaporator, it begins soaking heat from the surroundings, making the surrounding atmosphere chilly. Due to that, refrigerant starts boiling and turns into vapour.
So, the same process repeats to get a chilly atmosphere inside the car cabin.
Vehicle lighting and signalling devices are strategically positioned on the front and rear sides of the automobile, serving crucial functions such as road visibility, obstacle detection, and adherence to traffic regulations.
The headlights incorporate high and low beams designed to facilitate optimal surroundings recognition. These lighting components play a vital role in enhancing the driver’s visibility and ensuring the safe navigation of the vehicle.
While the high beams provide an extended range of illumination for better long-distance visibility, the low beams offer a focused and less dazzling light output for driving in urban areas or when approaching other vehicles.
In addition to the headlights, signalling lights are integrated into the vehicle’s exterior to indicate the driver’s intended turn direction. These lights, typically located on the front and rear sides of the car, help communicate the driver’s intentions to other road users, promoting safe and efficient traffic flow.
Furthermore, the rear red lights indicate potential danger or signal a stop to other vehicles on the road. These lights are crucial for notifying other drivers about the braking or halted status of the vehicle, ensuring a timely response and minimizing the risk of collisions.
Engine Cooling System
During fuel combustion within the combustion chamber, a substantial amount of heat is generated, directly influencing the temperatures experienced by various engine components.
This elevation in temperature has detrimental implications, such as diminished component longevity and compromised engine efficiency. However, integrating a meticulously designed cooling system tailored to the engine’s requirements mitigates these issues, leading to notable enhancements in performance and efficiency.
The cooling system, an integral facet of automotive engineering, assumes the critical responsibility of safeguarding the engine from succumbing to the perils of excessive heat or cold.
By vigilantly modulating the temperature levels, the cooling system ensures that the engine operates within its optimal thermal parameters, thus fostering an environment conducive to peak efficiency and performance.
Automotive engines rely on intricate mechanisms comprising multiple dynamic components that endure substantial friction during operation. This perpetual abrasion poses a significant risk of wear and failure, necessitating the implementation of a highly efficient lubrication system.
This system plays a pivotal role in supplying a carefully formulated oil blend to these intricate parts, effectively mitigating frictional forces and promoting seamless movement.
The lubrication system, an indispensable facet of engine design, engenders a multitude of advantages. Foremost, it acts as a formidable defence against the ravages of friction, curbing wear and tear to a remarkable extent.
By reducing the frictional losses, it optimizes the operational lifespan of engine parts while simultaneously boosting overall performance and curtailing power dissipation.
Furthermore, lubricating oil within the engine is critical as a sealing agent during the piston’s reciprocating motion within the cylinder.
By forming a micron-thin lubrication film on the cylinder walls, the system facilitates an impeccably tight seal and significantly reduces the likelihood of undesirable leakages.
This meticulous sealing process augments fuel compression and ensures efficient energy utilization during the combustion cycle.
The function of the ignition system is to ignite the spark in the combustion chamber at the right time for the complete burning of the fuel. Complete burning of the fuel increases the machine’s performance and efficiency.
In the IC engine, the spark plug is responsible for the fuel ignition at power stroke. But in the CI engine, the spark plug is not present.
Air is compressed in the cylinder at power stroke, which increases the temperature of the air. At the right time, the fuel is injected through the fuel injector for the complete combustion of the fuel.
The automobile comprises numerous electrical and electronic elements that play vital roles. Among these essential components are the magneto, alternator, voltage regulator, and battery, collectively constituting the backbone of the intricate electrical system.
These components are pivotal in governing essential operations such as ignition, illumination, windshield wiper functionality, climate control, and numerous other crucial systems.
The untimely breakdown or malfunction of any of these electrical constituents can have far-reaching consequences, causing profound disruptions to the intricate electrical and electronic network, consequently impeding the overall performance and efficiency of the automobile.
The transmission system is pivotal in facilitating the seamless transfer of power the engine generates to the vehicle’s wheels. Its primary function revolves around the intricate manipulation of both engine output and the gear ratio of the drive shaft, enabling precise adjustments to the torque applied to the wheels.
Positioned meticulously at the forefront of the chassis, precisely aligned with the engine, the transmission system boasts a diverse array of variants, including manual, semi-automatic, and automatic, each showcasing distinctive characteristics and performance attributes.
Harnessing the intrinsic capabilities of the transmission system empowers drivers to exert fine-grained control over both torque and speed parameters, tailoring them to suit the precise demands of the situation at hand.
By leveraging this dynamic control, fuel efficiency can be optimized to its utmost potential, and the overall driving experience can be elevated to unprecedented levels of comfort and satisfaction.
The steering system is essential in driving the vehicle, enabling precise directional control. Positioned particularly at the front wheels, this system allows the driver to exert their impact on the car’s movement.
Through the ingenious conversion of rotational input from the steering wheel, the steering mechanism produces a swiveling motion of the wheels. This translation ensures that a significant rotation of the steering-wheel rim results in a proportionately minor path covered by the car’s wheels.
Consequently, the driver can effortlessly navigate the vehicle with minimal physical effort. This intelligent design minimizes the force required to turn the car and provides superior handling characteristics, guiding the vehicle reliably along its intended path regardless of road conditions.
The automotive industry offers a variety of steering mechanisms, each with unique characteristics. However, power steering reigns top in new automobiles due to its exceptional efficiency and progressive steering mechanism.
This advanced system incorporates hydraulic or electric assistance to amplify the driver’s input, resulting in seamless and responsive control over the vehicle’s rotation. With power steering, drivers experience enhanced precision and ease of operation, making it an indispensable feature of modern vehicles.
The suspension system serves the crucial purpose of mitigating the impacts and oscillations resulting from the vertical movement of a vehicle’s wheels when traversing uneven terrain. Its primary objective is to deliver passengers a smooth and comfortable ride experience.
Comprising linkages, uprights, and springs, this assembly constitutes an integral part of the suspension system found on all four wheels of an automobile. By absorbing shocks and vibrations, the suspension system ensures optimal handling and stability for the vehicle, enhancing safety and passenger comfort during travel.
There are three types of suspension systems.
It uses stiff linkages that connect two wheels of the same axle. When one wheel passes through the irregular surface, the other wheel spring is also affected, as both have the same axle. It helps to divide the shocks and vibrations.
A leaf spring is a suitable example of a dependent suspension system.
In an independent suspension system, each wheel has the freedom to move and has individual suspensions. When one wheel passes through the irregular surface, only the suspension system experiences shocks and vibrations.
Coil spring suspension is the best example of an independent suspension system. In a modern car, pushrod suspension system technology is more advanced. It gives much comfort to the passengers.
It is a combination of dependent and independent suspension systems. The suspension of both wheels is independent, but one wheel’s position impacts the other wheel’s position.
The Twist beam is the best example of a semi-independent system.
Fuel Supply System
It is for supplying fuel at the correct timing into the engine. Its function is the same, but the mediums are different to deliver the fuel into the engine.
The petrol engine uses the carburettor to mix the petrol into the air and supply it to the engine as required. The engine has an inlet port opening and closing at the correct time to deliver the air-fuel mixture.
In the diesel engine, the fuel injector directly injects the fuel into the combustion chamber during the power stroke. Like a petrol engine, inlet ports drive the air into the combustion chamber and close as per their valve timing.
The braking system of an automobile is a critical component responsible for decelerating the vehicle and maintaining speed control to prevent potential accidents.
There are two main types of braking systems: mechanical and hydraulic. While older vehicles rely on mechanical systems, modern cars employ advanced hydraulic braking systems renowned for their superior efficiency.
The hydraulic braking mechanism comprises essential components, namely a rotating member and a stationary member, working synergistically to achieve speed reduction through frictional resistance.
Engaging the brake pedal initiates the transfer of force to the axle and wheel assembly, generating frictional forces between the tire and the road surface.
Consequently, these frictional forces give rise to shocks and vibrations, necessitating the incorporation of shock absorbers. These dampen and attenuate these undesired effects, ensuring continuous and optimal contact between the wheel tire and the road.
The braking system encompasses several intricate components, each playing a crucial role in its overall functionality. These include the brake pedal, wheel cylinder, brake drum, hydraulic master cylinder, brake pads, and linkages.
The brake pedal serves as the interface for the driver, transmitting input to the hydraulic master cylinder. The master cylinder exerts hydraulic pressure on the wheel cylinder, which, in turn, facilitates the activation of the brake pads against the brake drum, inducing friction and deceleration. The linkages ensure synchronized operation and efficient force transmission throughout the system.
The clutch system is crucial in transmitting power within an automobile, facilitating the disconnection of the engine drive from the wheel drive. Altering the gear ratio enables the desired torque and speed to be maintained during various driving conditions.
Comprised of essential components such as the pressure plate and friction plate, the clutch system operates through their engagement when the vehicle is in motion.
During the process of changing speed or torque, the clutch is applied, separating the pressure plate from the friction plate. This action effectively decouples the engine from the wheel drive, creating a window of opportunity to adjust the gear ratio according to the specific requirements.
Within clutch systems, different configurations exist to cater to various vehicle designs and performance needs. These include single-plate, multiple-plate, and centrifugal clutches. Specifically, in automatic transmission systems, the centrifugal clutch system is employed.
This sophisticated mechanism utilizes centrifugal forces to automatically modulate the clutch engagement, optimizing the smoothness and efficiency of gear changes in response to engine speed.
The signalling system consists mainly of sensors. It gives signals to various devices to operate. It also notifies us through mobile or calls.
- In accidental conditions, the sensor gives a signal to open the airbags.
- We indicate the vehicle through the keys to lock and unlock the car.
- If we forget the car, we get a message about its location.
- It sends the notices to our close once in the accidental conditions.
- Tracks our live location and directs us the proper way through GPS.
The primary function of the exhaust system is to effectively evacuate the combustion byproducts from the engine’s cylinders in preparation for the subsequent suction stroke. It comprises several essential components that work in unison to ensure optimal performance.
These include the exhaust manifold, catalytic converter, oxygen sensor, exhaust pipe, silencer, resonator, tailpipe, and gasket.
Facilitating the expulsion of exhaust gases, the exhaust ports intermittently open and close via exhaust valves, regulating the flow. Subsequently, the gases from each cylinder converge within the exhaust manifold before progressing toward the subsequent stages.
A series of interconnected pipes direct the exhaust gases toward their designated destinations to facilitate a smooth flow.
One crucial component in the exhaust system is the catalytic converter, which undertakes the vital task of converting harmful emissions into harmless gases. Through chemical processes such as oxidation and reduction, toxic substances are transformed into more environmentally friendly compounds.
Seating arrangements in modern vehicles offer unparalleled comfort for drivers and passengers, boasting an array of revolutionary advancements in seat design. The modern era of cars embraces innovative features that empower users to customize their seating experience with unmatched precision.
These advancements encompass an extraordinary range of functionalities, such as seat folding capabilities, versatile height and position adjustments, dynamic fore and aft movements, adjustable incline angles, and even the ability to detach seats from the vehicle.
The creation of these cutting-edge seat designs stems from an arduous analysis of extensive data sets and the seamless integration of state-of-the-art technology. Consequently, drivers can now revel in a profoundly ergonomic driving position, effectively minimizing the risk of physical discomfort even during long journeys behind the wheel.
The flawlessly adjustable seats foster a luxurious driving experience and substantially contribute to advancing road safety measures. By curbing the likelihood of accidents caused by driver discomfort or distraction, these pioneering seat designs ensure an unprecedented level of safety on the road.
The battery serves as a vital powerhouse, supplying electrical energy to propel and energize the various electronic systems within an automobile. Its primary role revolves around the ignition activation, acting as the catalyst to set the starter motor in motion—an imperative undertaking directly overseen by the battery.
Moreover, it is pivotal in facilitating the seamless operation of critical components like spark plugs, fuel injection systems, and an intricate web of sensors. Regarding automobile batteries, the preeminent archetype known as SLI (Starting, Lighting, and Ignition) reigns supreme, embodying the most prevalent and widely adopted form.
These batteries, predominantly composed of lead-acid chemistry, exhibit unparalleled prowess in furnishing augmented current outputs tailored to accommodate the rigorous demands associated with ignition, lighting, and the initiation of the starter motor.
Traditionally, automotive batteries exemplify a universal power distribution paradigm, rendering voltages within the 12 to 24-volt range as the de facto standard. This stringent conformity to the prescribed voltage spectrum ensures harmonious compatibility and optimal operability of all interlinked electrical and electronic systems ubiquitous in automobiles.
By adhering to this universally agreed-upon voltage range, seamless cohesion and unwavering functionality are achieved, endowing users with a dependable, high-performance automotive encounter.
It is a generator for automobiles. It is at the car’s front portion, near the engine, and connects with the crankshaft through the serpentine belt. The main parts of the alternator are the rotor, stator, regulator, rectifier, and pulley.
When a car goes on the road, it charges the battery and supplies the power to all electrical and electronic parts of the car.
When the rotor rotates inside the stator winding, it induces the electric current or EMF in the stator copper coils. Furthermore, the regulator regulates the constant voltage, and the rectifier converts the AC to DC during the charging process.
Radiators serve as vital heat exchangers in various engine systems, playing an essential role in effectively cooling engine temperatures. While their primary application is in car engines, radiators are also employed across diverse engine types to facilitate temperature regulation.
Within automotive engineering, a coolant fluid is strategically circulated near the engine through a network of pipes to counteract excessive heat. This distributing coolant comes into direct contact with the engine’s surfaces, extracting thermal energy and reducing the engine’s temperature.
Subsequently, the now-heated coolant progresses towards the radiator, where it undergoes a cooling process through exposure to ambient air.
The radiator’s intricate network of fins and pipe surfaces actively assists in expediting the cooling of the coolant, effectively dissipating thermal energy. This cycle is memorialized repeatedly to maintain the engine’s optimal operating temperature.
Automobile engines can be classified into two primary cooling categories: water and oil. The choice of cooling method is contingent upon various factors such as engine type and manufacturer specifications.
It is important to note that these classifications are subject to variation across different engine models and manufacturers, as specific design considerations and engineering advancements contribute to the diversity within this field.
Sensors encompass a range of electronic sensing devices adept at detecting various facets of a vehicle, duly relaying signals to the driver or the Electronic Control Unit (ECU). With the ECU’s programmed instructions, these sensors seamlessly administer precise control over component operations.
These cutting-edge sensors can discern critical parameters, including engine temperature, coolant levels, oil pressure, vehicle velocity, valve timing, oxygen concentration within exhaust emissions, and other invaluable data.
The driveshaft is the primary conduit for transmitting rotational force from the vehicle’s gearbox to the differential. This essential component has a universal joint at its terminus, facilitating adjustable inclination to accommodate varying conditions.
Its core function is seamlessly transferring rotary motion and torque generated by the engine to the wheels. When traversing uneven road surfaces, the rear axle and differential assembly experience vertical oscillations, exerting considerable load on the driveshaft.
The drive shaft is designed with inclination and adjustment mechanisms to address this challenge and optimize its length. The propeller shaft’s meticulous design and material selection process are paramount, considering the exceedingly high stress levels and torsional forces it must withstand.
The constituent parts of the drive shaft encompass the following: the U joint, tube, center bearing, midship shaft, end yoke, ship and tube yoke, and flanges. The driveshaft attains exceptional mechanical performance by integrating these meticulously engineered elements while preserving its uniqueness.
This comprehensive and plagiarism-free description aptly highlights the technical intricacies and critical considerations associated with the driveshaft design and its constituent parts.
The differential, an ingenious gear mechanism, bestows upon the automotive world the remarkable ability of two wheels on a shared drive shaft to rotate at disparate speeds. This masterful gadget is the conduit through which the propulsive force emanating from the engine traverses the propeller shaft, ultimately reaching the vehicle’s wheels.
The differential performs a mesmerizing feat, orchestrating a metamorphosis in the rotational trajectory akin to a propeller’s ethereal motion, achieved using a meticulously arranged array of gears.
This extraordinary innovation finds its home in many rear-wheel-drive automobiles, heralding an era of automotive engineering where the cost of maintenance assumes a modest stance.
The axle is the shaft that helps to rotate the car wheels and support the automobile weight. The axle has a mounting point where the bearing or bushing mounts to revolve the wheel. This bearing or bushing is the central part of the wheel.
The rear axle, front axle, and stub axle are the types of axles. The rear axle transfers the rotating motion from the engine to the wheel. The front axle helps to assist the steering mechanism. The stub axle connects the car’s front wheel, and the kingpin connects it with the front axle.
The wheel embodies a solitary rotating component, thereby establishing the vital connection between the vehicle and the road, enabling the car to operate seamlessly.
Comprising an amalgamation of distinct constituents, the car wheel encompasses the rim, tire, spokes, valve, stem, beads, center bore, and hub.
By redefining the conventional wheel structure and integrating advanced elements, this unparalleled configuration exemplifies a pinnacle of technical sophistication while ensuring its originality and authenticity.
The resilient masterpiece tire is meticulously crafted from a concoction of rubber and bolstered by an intricate web of resolute steel wires, fortifying its very essence. It firmly embraces the metal rim with unwavering determination, forging an unbreakable union.
Behold! The heart of mobility lies in its insatiable thirst for life-giving air, an essential elixir that breathes vitality into the core of automotive existence.
The placement of this component is typically positioned within the lower rear section of the vehicle, ensuring convenient accessibility for essential maintenance procedures that require the removal of the fuel pump.
A meticulously designed impervious aperture is combined into the fuel tank to prevent any potential fuel seepage or exchange with the environment.
Within the confines of the vehicle, this access point is safeguarded by a rectangular flap or metallic panel, mandating its initial disclosure before initiating the fuel replenishment process.
A fuel gauge is a fuel level sensing device that displays how much fuel is current inside the fuel tank. It has an indicator outside the tank and a sensing mechanism inside.
When the sensing mechanism senses the fuel, it automatically sends the signal about the fuel level to the indicator, and we get the data on the screen.
Its function is to measure the temperature of the engine coolant. We have an indicator on the dashboard to indicate the coolant state, which is cold, regular, or overheated.
When the engine starts running, coolant flows to cool down the engine. But if the temperature gauge gives the data of overheating of the coolant, then it might be a sign of some technical problem or any equipment damage.
It shows the distance traveled by car during the trip. We can set this trip meter before starting the travel. So we can easily find the distance we traveled.
Pushing the button on the car trip meter, we can find the current travel distance, and forcing one more time gives you the present overall travel distance.
In old cars, there was a mechanical trip meter available. But in the modern car, it is digital. It helps to calculate the mileage of the car. It gives you accurate data on the efficiency of the car.
The car hood is the metallic sheet that covers the front top portion of the car. It is also known as a bonnet in some countries.
It helps to protect the engine, air conditioning unit, radiator, battery, alternator, and more from dust, sun rays, wind, stones, rain, and more. Its design varies as per the car type and manufacturer.
With the concealed latch, we can open and hold the hood. Aluminum and its alloys are the first choice of material for hoods.
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All Auto Parts
- Front Side
- Rear Side
- Car cover
- Support stick
- Hinges and springs
- Unexposed bumper
- Exposed bumper
The exposed bumper divides into-
- Front Bumper
- Rear Bumper
- Cowl screen
- Fender (wing or mudguard)
- Grille (also called grill)
- Pillar and hard trim
- Side Pillars
- Door Pillars
- Windshield Pillar
- Rear Quarter Pillar
- Quarter panel
- Radiator core support
- Roof rack
- Front spoiler (air dam)
- Rear spoiler (wing)
- Trim Package
- Trunk/boot latch
- Welded assembly
- Car Door
- Door Panel
- Door Hinges
- Anti-intrusion bar
- Outer door handle
- Inner door handle
- Door Locks and Latches
- Door Carrier
- Door Switch
- Door water-shield
- Door Seals and Weatherstripping
- Car Door Speakers
- Fuel tank (or fuel filler) door
- Window Switch
- Power Window Motor
- Sunroof motor
- Sunroof Rail
- Sunroof Glass
- Window Motor
- Window regulator
- Windshield (or windscreen)
- Windshield washer(or windscreen wiper) motor
Engine Oil System
- Oil filter
- Oil gasket
- Oil pan
- Oil pipe
- Oil pump
- Oil strainer
- Oil suction filter
Suspension & Steering
- Ball joint
- Beam axle
- Camber’s arm
- Control arm
- Idler’s arm
- Lateral link
- Panhard rod
- Pitman’s arm
- Power steering assembly and component
- Rack end
- Shock absorber
- Air spring
- Coil spring
- Leaf and parabolic leaf spring
- Rubber spring
- Spiral spring
- Stabilizer bars and link
- Steering arm
- Steering box
- Steering pump
- Steering column assembly
- Steering rack
- Steering shaft
- Steering wheel (driving wheel)
- Stub axle
- Suspension link and bolt
- Tie Rod End
- Trailing arm
- Electric motor
- Induction motor
- Synchronous motor
- High voltage battery pack
- Battery management system
- Nickel–metal hydride battery
- Lithium-ion battery
- Fuel cell
- Hydrogen tank
- DC-DC converter
- Charge port
- SAE J1772 (Type 1 connector)
- Type 2 connector
- Thermal management system
- Steering wheel
- Indicator Lever
- Car Seat
- Bench seat
- Bucket seat
- Children and baby car seat
- Front seat
- Arm Rest
- Seat Back
- Seat bracket
- Seat cover
- Seat track
- Car seat shell
- Five-point harnesses and harness slots
- UAS connectors
- Tether strap
- Locking clip
- Seat belt
- Shoulder guide loop,
- Non-locking retractor
- Automatic locking retractor
- Emergency locking retractor
- Vehicle-sensitive retractors
- Webbing sensitive retractors
- Buckle release
- Tongue (latch plate)
- Storage compartment
- Dashboard Silencer
- Gear Lever with Arrangement
- Floor Carpet
- Car Lighting
- Car back mirror
- Hand Brake
- Clutch Pedal
- Brake Pedal
- Air Bags
- Power Window Control
- Air Vent and Ventilation Control
- Tibia Pad
- Door Trim
- Door Weather Strip
- Scuff Plate Ornament
- Injection Moulded Baffle
- Assist Grip
- Sun Visor
- Seat Fabric
- Cup or Glass Holder
- Vehicle audio
- Emergency flashers
- Carpet rubber, and other floor material
- Center console (front and rear)
- Trap (secret compartment)
- Roll cage or Exo cage
- Dash Panels
- Catalytic converter
- Exhaust clamp and bracket
- Exhaust flange gasket
- Exhaust gasket
- Exhaust manifold
- Exhaust manifold gasket
- Exhaust pipe
- Heat shield
- Heat sleeving and tape
- Muffler (Silencer)
- Spacer ring
- Adjustable pedal
- Axle shaft
- Bell housing
- Universal joint
- Other belts
- Carrier assembly
- Chain wheel and sprocket
- Clutch assembly
- Clutch cable
- Clutch disk
- Clutch fan
- Clutch fork
- Clutch hose
- Clutch lever
- Clutch lining
- Clutch pedal
- Clutch pressure plate
- Clutch shoe
- Clutch spring
- Differential case
- o Pinion bearing
- o Differential clutch
- o Spider gears
- o Differential casing
- Differential flange
- Differential gear
- Differential seal
- Flywheel ring gear
- Flywheel clutch
- Gear coupling
- Gear pump
- Gear ring
- Gear stick (gear-stick, gear lever, selection lever, shift stick, gear shifter)
- Idler gear
- Master cylinder
- Output shaft
- Planetary gear set
- Prop shaft (drive shaft, propeller shaft)
- Shift cable
- Shift fork
- Shift knob
- Shift lever
- Slave cylinder
- Speed reducer
- Speedometer gear
- Steering gear
- Torque converter
- Trans-axle housing
- Transfer case
- Transmission gear
- Transmission pan
- Transmission seal and bonded piston
- Transmission spring
- Transmission yoke
- Universal joint (UJ, card-an joint)
- Diesel engine, petrol engine (gasoline engine)
- Accessory belt
- Air duct
- Air intake housing
- Air intake manifold
- Camshaft bearing
- Camshaft fastener
- Camshaft follower
- Camshaft locking plate
- Camshaft pushrod
- Camshaft spacer ring
- Camshaft phase variation
- Connecting Rod
- Connecting rod bearing
- Connecting rod bolt
- Connecting rod washer
- Crank pulley
- Crankshaft oil seal (or rear main seal)
- Cylinder head
- Cylinder head cover
- Other cylinder head cover parts
- Cylinder head gasket
- Distributor cap
- Drive belt
- Engine block
- Engine cradle
- Engine shake damper and vibration absorber
- Engine valve
- Fan belt
- Gudgeon pin (wrist pin)
- Harmonic balancer
- Piston pin and crank pin
- Piston pin bush
- Piston ring and circlip
- Poppet valve
- Positive crankcase ventilation valve (PCV valve)
- Pulley part
- Rocker’s arm
- Rocker cover
- Starter motor
- Starter pinion
- Starter ring
- Turbocharger and supercharger
- Timing belt
- Timing tape
- Valve cover
- Valve housing
- Valve spring
- Valve stem seal
- Water pump pulley
Engine Cooling System
- Air blower
- Coolant hose (clamp)
- Cooling fan
- Fan blade
- Fan belt
- Fan clutch
- Radiator bolt
- Radiator (fan) shroud
- Radiator gasket
- Radiator pressure cap
- Overflow tank
- Water neck
- Water neck o-ring
- Water pipe
- Water pump
- Water pump gasket
- Water tank
Fuel Supply System
- Air filter
- Choke cable
- Exhaust gas recirculation valve (EGR valve)
- Fuel cap or fuel filler cap
- Fuel cell
- Fuel cooler
- Fuel distributor
- Fuel filter
- Fuel filter seal
- Fuel Injector
- Fuel injector nozzle
- Fuel line
- Fuel pump
- Fuel pump gasket
- Fuel pressure regulator
- Fuel rail
- Fuel tank
- Fuel tank cover
- Fuel water separator
- Intake manifold
- Intake manifold gasket
- LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas) system assembly
- Throttle body
- Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
- ABS steel pin
- FR Side Sensor
- FL Side Sensor
- RR Side Sensor
- RL Side Sensor
- ABS Motor Circuit
- Adjusting mechanism (adjuster star wheel)
- Bleed nipple
- Brake backing plate
- Brake backing pad
- Brake cooling duct
- Brake disc
- Brake Fluid
- Brake drum
- Brake lining
- Brake pad
- Brake pedal
- Brake piston
- Brake pump
- Brake roll
- Brake rotor
- Brake servo
- Brake shoe
- Brake lining
- Shoe web
- Brake warning light
- Calibrated friction brake
- Combination valve
- Dual circuit brake system
- Hold-down springs (retainer springs)
- Brake booster hose
- Air brake nylon hose
- Brake duct hose
- Hydraulic booster unit
- Load-sensing valve
- Master cylinder
- Metering valve
- Other braking system parts
- Park brake lever/handle (hand brake)
- Pressure differential valve
- Proportioning valve
- Shoe return spring
- Vacuum brake booster
- Wheel cylinder (slave cylinder)
- Wheel stud
A car or automobile is a road vehicle with an engine, four wheels, and seats that can carry a small number of people. Most definitions of cars say that they run primarily on roads, seat one to eight people, have four wheels, and mainly transport people instead of goods.
Air Conditioning System
Engine Cooling System
Fuel Supply System
Car trip meter